Isobutyl 2-cyanoacrylate (bucrylate) in obliteration of gastric coronary vein and esophageal varices.AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1978 Jan; 130(1):1-6.AA
Percutaneous transhepatic portography was performed in 22 patients with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. All patients had bled or were bleeding from presumed esophageal varices. One or more veins feeding esophageal varices were occluded with bucrylate. Follow-up examination in eight patients 1-12 months later showed recanalization of previously obliterated veins in six; however, these veins were markedly smaller than before the procedure. In patients where veins were still occluded, new veins had opened up and carried blood to the esophageal varices, which were filled to a lesser degree than before. In our experience, bucrylate is superior to Gelfoam, thrombin, and Etolein in producing venous occlusion.