Purification and characterization of ferredoxin-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate reductase from a nitrogen-fixing bacterium.J Bacteriol. 1973 Oct; 116(1):384-91.JB
Evidence suggesting that Bacillus polymyxa has an active ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase (EC 126.96.36.199) was obtained when NADPH was found to provide reducing power for the nitrogenase of this organism; direct evidence was provided when it was shown that B. polymyxa extracts could substitute for the native ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase in the photochemical reduction of NADP(+) by blue-green algal particles. The ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase was purified about 80-fold by a combination of high-speed centrifugation, ammonium sulfate fractionation, and chromatography on Sephadex G-100 and diethylaminoethyl-cellulose. The molecular weight was estimated by gel filtration to be 60,000. A small amount of the enzyme was further purified by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and shown to be a flavoprotein. The reductase was specific for NADPH in the ferredoxin-dependent reduction of cytochrome c and methyl viologen diaphorase reactions; furthermore, NADP(+) was the acceptor of preference when the electron donor was photoreduced ferredoxin. The reductase also has an irreversible NADPH-NAD(+) transhydrogenase (reduced-NADP:NAD oxidoreductase, EC 188.8.131.52) activity, the rate of which was proportional to the concentration of NAD (K(m) = 5.0 x 10(-3)M). The reductase catalyzed electron transfer from NADPH not only to B. polymyxa ferredoxin but also to the ferredoxins of Clostridium pasteurianum, Azotobacter vinelandii, and spinach chloroplasts, although less effectively. Rubredoxin from Clostridium acidi-urici and azotoflavin from A. vinelandii also accept electrons from the B. polymyxa reductase. The pH optima for the various reactions catalyzed by the B. polymyxa ferredoxin-NADP reductase are similar to those of the chloroplast reductase. NAD and acetyl-coenzyme A, which obligatorily activate NADPH- and NADH-ferredoxin reductases, respectively, in Clostridium kluyveri, have no effect on B. polymyxa reductase.