Characterization of ileal vitamin B12 Binding using homogeneous human and hog intrinsic factors.J Clin Invest. 1973 Dec; 52(12):3074-83.JCI
Elucidation of the mechanism of intrinsic factor (IF)-mediated vitamin B(12) (B(12)) binding to ileal binding sites has been hampered by the use of crude or only partially purified preparations of IF in previous studies. We have used homogeneous human IF and hog IF isolated by affinity chromatography to study [(57)Co]B(12) binding to ileal mucosal homogenates. The following observations were made: (a) Human IF-B(12) and hog IF-B(12) were bound to human, monkey, hog, dog, rabbit, mouse, hamster, and guinea pig ileal, but not jejunal, homogenates in amounts significantly greater than free B(12) or B(12) bound to five other homogeneous B(12)-binding proteins; (b) only IF-mediated B(12) binding was localized to ileal homogenates and was inhibited by EDTA; (c) values for the association constant (K(a)) for the various ileal homogenates mentioned above and human IF-B(12) and hog IF-B(12) ranged from 0.3 x 10(9) M(-1) to 13.0 x 10(9) M(-1). Apparent differences in the K(a) for human IF-B(12) and hog IF-B(12) existed in most species; (d) the number of ileal IF-B(12) binding sites per gram (wet weight) of ileal mucosa ranged from 0.3 x 10(12) to 4.9 x 10(12). The same value was always obtained with human IF-B(12) and hog IF-B(12) for any given homogenate preparation; (c) 100-fold excesses of free B(12) or human IF and hog IF devoid of B(12) did not significantly inhibit human IF-B(12) and hog IF-B(12) binding to human and hog ileal homogenates. THESE EXPERIMENTS PERFORMED WITH HOMOGENEOUS IF INDICATE THAT: (a) gastric factors other than IF are not required for B(12) binding to ileal IF-B(12)-binding sites: (b) the mechanism of ileal IF-B(12) binding is different from that of free B(12) or of B(12) bound to non-IF-B(12)-binding proteins; (c) human IF and hog IF have different structures; (d) human IF-B(12) and hog IF-B(12) bind to the same ileal binding sites; and (c) human and hog ileal IF-B(12) binding sites bind free B(12) and human and hog IF devoid of B(12) poorly, if at all.