The influence of endogenous cortisol on the peripheral conversion of thyroxine in patients with acute myocardial infarction.Acta Med Scand. 1979; 205(4):267-9.AM
A study was performed to elucidate whether endogenous cortisol, as previously suggested, could be responsible for the decreased T3 levels seen in euthyroid patients with acute myocardial infarction. Levels of these hormones as well as levels of T4 and reverse-T3 were monitored in 31 consecutive patients admitted to the Coronary Care Unit with symptoms of precordial pain or with acute arrhythmias. Sixteen of the patients had proven myocardial infarction, the remaining 15 were used as a control group. The results demonstrated that a reduction of T3 levels was seen in the infarction group without evidence of a statistically significant difference between the daily mean cortisol levels. No significant difference could be observed in T4 or reverse-T3 levels in the two groups or in T3 levels in the control group. It is concluded that the decrease in T3 levels is not a consequence of the increased levels of endogenous cortisol.