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[Association of tobacco and alcohol in cancer].
Bull Schweiz Akad Med Wiss. 1979 Mar; 35(1-3):151-8.BS

Abstract

Heavy drinking and heavy smoking are often associated; the effects of either alcohol and tobacco on human cancer can not be easily disentangled. Appropriate adjustments need to be made to pinpoint the role of either factor. Both smoking and drinking play a role in cancer of the buccal cavity, pharynx and oesophagus; they seem to multiply their effects. Cancer of the larynx is also related to both alcohol and tobacco, but the role of alcohol appears only when exposure to tobacco is also present. While tobacco smoke is known to contain carcinogens, the mechanisms by which alcohol provoke cancer remain obscure; it may act by facilitating the penetration of carcinogens in the mucosa-carcinogens might be present in some alcoholic beverages; a direct action of ethanol can not be excluded. Epidemiological evidence is clear enough, however, to predict a substantial drop of incidence of buccal, pharyngeal, oesophageal and laryngeal cancers if alcohol and tobacco consumption could be reduced.

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

fre

PubMed ID

454880

Citation

Tuyns, A J.. "[Association of Tobacco and Alcohol in Cancer]." Bulletin Der Schweizerischen Akademie Der Medizinischen Wissenschaften, vol. 35, no. 1-3, 1979, pp. 151-8.
Tuyns AJ. [Association of tobacco and alcohol in cancer]. Bull Schweiz Akad Med Wiss. 1979;35(1-3):151-8.
Tuyns, A. J. (1979). [Association of tobacco and alcohol in cancer]. Bulletin Der Schweizerischen Akademie Der Medizinischen Wissenschaften, 35(1-3), 151-8.
Tuyns AJ. [Association of Tobacco and Alcohol in Cancer]. Bull Schweiz Akad Med Wiss. 1979;35(1-3):151-8. PubMed PMID: 454880.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Association of tobacco and alcohol in cancer]. A1 - Tuyns,A J, PY - 1979/3/1/pubmed PY - 1979/3/1/medline PY - 1979/3/1/entrez SP - 151 EP - 8 JF - Bulletin der Schweizerischen Akademie der Medizinischen Wissenschaften JO - Bull Schweiz Akad Med Wiss VL - 35 IS - 1-3 N2 - Heavy drinking and heavy smoking are often associated; the effects of either alcohol and tobacco on human cancer can not be easily disentangled. Appropriate adjustments need to be made to pinpoint the role of either factor. Both smoking and drinking play a role in cancer of the buccal cavity, pharynx and oesophagus; they seem to multiply their effects. Cancer of the larynx is also related to both alcohol and tobacco, but the role of alcohol appears only when exposure to tobacco is also present. While tobacco smoke is known to contain carcinogens, the mechanisms by which alcohol provoke cancer remain obscure; it may act by facilitating the penetration of carcinogens in the mucosa-carcinogens might be present in some alcoholic beverages; a direct action of ethanol can not be excluded. Epidemiological evidence is clear enough, however, to predict a substantial drop of incidence of buccal, pharyngeal, oesophageal and laryngeal cancers if alcohol and tobacco consumption could be reduced. SN - 0036-7494 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/454880/[Association_of_tobacco_and_alcohol_in_cancer]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/alcohol.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -