Fluorocitrate inhibition of aconitate hydratase and the tricarboxylate carrier of rat liver mitochondria.Biochem J. 1973 May; 134(1):217-24.BJ
1. The effect of biologically synthesized and purified fluorocitrate on the metabolism of tricarboxylate anions by isolated rat liver mitochondria was investigated, in relation to the claim by Eanes et al. (1972) that this fluoro compound inhibits the tricarboxylate carrier at concentrations at which it has little effect on the aconitate hydratase activity. 2. That the inhibitory action of fluorocitrate is at the level of the aconitate hydratase and not at the level of the tricarboxylate carrier is indicated by the following findings. Although the oxidation of citrate and cis-aconitate, but not that of isocitrate, was inhibited by fluorocitrate, the exchange of internal citrate for external citrate or l-malate was not. Had the tricarboxylate carrier been affected, these latter exchange reactions would have been inhibited. 3. By using aconitate hydratase solubilized from mitochondria it was found that with citrate as substrate the inhibition by fluorocitrate was partially competitive (K(i)=3.4x10(-8)m), whereas with cis-aconitate as substrate the inhibition was partially non-competitive (K(i)=3.0x10(-8)m).