What is the best elective operation for duodenal ulcer?Can Med Assoc J. 1970 Dec 05; 103(12):1255-62.CM
During the past 40 years, after gastroenterostomy and pyloroplasty for duodenal ulcer had been replaced by partial gastrectomy in many centres, partial gastrectomy itself gave way to combinations of vagotomy with gastroenterostomy, pyloroplasty or antrectomy. Opinions differ concerning the procedure of choice and in this paper the author examines the causes of this diversity of opinion and assesses the reliability of conclusions that can be drawn about the elective treatment of duodenal ulcer today. Most reports of results from various operations have come from retrospective studies, and the causes of variability among such reports are analyzed to point out the great difficulty in making a valid judgment about the relative worth of the various operations used to treat duodenal ulcer. Results of some of the few prospective studies with randomized operations assessed blindly are then presented and note is taken of the surprising observation that greatly different operations appear to give remarkably similar results. From the data available the author develops a logical way of approaching the choice of operation for the various problems related to duodenal ulcer that require elective surgical treatment.