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Plasma hormone profile in anovulation.
Fertil Steril. 1979 Mar; 31(3):258-66.FS

Abstract

Daily plasma hormones, including luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), progesterone, androstenedione, and testosterone (T), were measured in 16 anovulatory patients for a span of 3 to 4 weeks. The clinical diagnoses in this group of patients included the following: anovulation-eumenorrhea (n = 5), anovulation-polymenorrhea (n = 1), anovulation-oligomenorrhea (n = 3), congenital adrenal hyperplasia (n = 1), polycystic ovarian disease (n = 4), severe hypothalamic amenorrhea (n = 1), and postpartum amenorrhea-galactorrhea (n = 1). Follicular activity was evident in polymenorrheic and oligomenorrheic patients, and menstruation occurred in these patients following estrogen withdrawal. No follicular maturation was noted in the group of patients with anovulation-eumenorrhea, and menstruation in these patients was considered breakthrough bleeding. Low FSH levels were observed in anovulatory patients with eumenorrhea, polymenorrhea, and oligomenorrhea. Significantly high LH values were noted in both classic and non-classic polycystic ovarian disease. Extremely low E1 and E2 levels were found in patients with severe hypothalamic amenorrhea and postpartum amenorrhea-galactorrhea. Slightly elevated progesterone levels were observed in polymenorrheic and oligomenorrheic patients prior to menstruation; this was frequently associated with an LH surge or elevation. Elevated T levels were consistently associated with hirsutism but not with obesity.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

571358

Citation

Wu, C H., and G Mikhail. "Plasma Hormone Profile in Anovulation." Fertility and Sterility, vol. 31, no. 3, 1979, pp. 258-66.
Wu CH, Mikhail G. Plasma hormone profile in anovulation. Fertil Steril. 1979;31(3):258-66.
Wu, C. H., & Mikhail, G. (1979). Plasma hormone profile in anovulation. Fertility and Sterility, 31(3), 258-66.
Wu CH, Mikhail G. Plasma Hormone Profile in Anovulation. Fertil Steril. 1979;31(3):258-66. PubMed PMID: 571358.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Plasma hormone profile in anovulation. AU - Wu,C H, AU - Mikhail,G, PY - 1979/3/1/pubmed PY - 1979/3/1/medline PY - 1979/3/1/entrez SP - 258 EP - 66 JF - Fertility and sterility JO - Fertil Steril VL - 31 IS - 3 N2 - Daily plasma hormones, including luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), progesterone, androstenedione, and testosterone (T), were measured in 16 anovulatory patients for a span of 3 to 4 weeks. The clinical diagnoses in this group of patients included the following: anovulation-eumenorrhea (n = 5), anovulation-polymenorrhea (n = 1), anovulation-oligomenorrhea (n = 3), congenital adrenal hyperplasia (n = 1), polycystic ovarian disease (n = 4), severe hypothalamic amenorrhea (n = 1), and postpartum amenorrhea-galactorrhea (n = 1). Follicular activity was evident in polymenorrheic and oligomenorrheic patients, and menstruation occurred in these patients following estrogen withdrawal. No follicular maturation was noted in the group of patients with anovulation-eumenorrhea, and menstruation in these patients was considered breakthrough bleeding. Low FSH levels were observed in anovulatory patients with eumenorrhea, polymenorrhea, and oligomenorrhea. Significantly high LH values were noted in both classic and non-classic polycystic ovarian disease. Extremely low E1 and E2 levels were found in patients with severe hypothalamic amenorrhea and postpartum amenorrhea-galactorrhea. Slightly elevated progesterone levels were observed in polymenorrheic and oligomenorrheic patients prior to menstruation; this was frequently associated with an LH surge or elevation. Elevated T levels were consistently associated with hirsutism but not with obesity. SN - 0015-0282 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/571358/Plasma_hormone_profile_in_anovulation_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0015-0282(16)43871-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -