Sources of endolymph and EP. Does the perilymph or Reissner's membrane influence the ionic content of the endolymph and EP?Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 1977 Aug 26; 217(3):339-46.AO
The source of EP and the production of the endolymph are often considered to be at the stria vascularis. However, the significance of Reissner's membrane in maintaining the ionic composition of the endolymph cannot be ruled out. We perfused the entire perilymphatic space of guinea pigs with paraffin oil to determine the effects on the endolymph and perilymph. After 1 and 2 h the endolymph was removed from the second turn and the ionic concentration of these samples was measured by flamephotometry. The results revealed no significant changes in Na+ and K+ concentration as compared to normal endolymph. EP was measured from the second turn under an equivalent experimental condition. During 1 h of oil perfusion, EP remained fairly constant. From these experiments we surmise that perilymph and Reissner's membrane do not influence the ionic composition of the endolymph and EP during 1 or 2 h of our experiments.