Postpartum contraception.Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1981 Aug; 19(4):305-11.IJ
Recently-delivered women who wish to avoid pregnancy should initiate contraception before ovulation. Since the return of ovulation is not predictable, regardless of the woman's lactation status and duration of postpartum amenorrhea, contraception should be initiated as soon as is reasonable after delivery. The choice of contraceptive method will depend on several factors, including: the woman's lactation status, the preference of the woman and her partner, and the health status of the newborns. For women who do not wish to have additional children, tubal sterilization through a minilaparotomy incision is the procedure of choice. For other women who are not lactating, all methods, with the exception of the use of cervical caps and diaphragms, may be initiated immediately after delivery. However, preference should be given to IUD use by lactating and non-lactating woman, especially for women who may not return for any additional postpartum care.