Variations in some molecular events during the early phases of the Reuber H35 cell cycle. IV-regulation of tyrosine aminotransferase.Biochimie. 1983 Nov-Dec; 65(11-12):643-52.B
Tyrosine aminotransferase activity increased during conversion of serum depleted quiescent Reuber H35 rat hepatoma cells into the proliferative state. Increased activity coincides with the actual increase of cells into S phase. The rate of tyrosine aminotransferase synthesis along the cell cycle was studied. The rate of enzyme synthesis fluctuated through the cell cycle but could not explain the increase of specific activity. Apparently enzyme activity is predominantly regulated by a post-translational event. Intracellular levels of cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP were measured at various times of G1 and S phases. In the early part of the cell cycle tyrosine aminotransferase decreased while intracellular levels of cyclic AMP increased. At later stages cyclic AMP rises concurrently with increased rates of enzyme synthesis. Induction of tyrosine aminotransferase by N6,O2'-dibutyryladenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (Bt2cAMP) was studied. Inducibility by Bt2cAMP fluctuated through the cell cycle. Alternation of positive and negative control of tyrosine aminotransferase synthesis was observed. In early serum induced cells, Bt2cAMP increased enzyme activity without any increased rate of enzyme synthesis, on the contrary, a decreased rate of synthesis was observed. The data support the view that alternation of positive and negative control of tyrosine aminotransferase synthesis and temporary post-translational control of enzyme activity determine the enzyme level during the transition of quiescent hepatoma cells into proliferation.