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A comparison of different laparoscopic sterilization occlusion techniques in 24,439 procedures.

Abstract

This investigation assessed the safety and efficacy of five laparoscopic tubal occlusion techniques for female sterilization: electrocoagulation, the tubal ring via conventional and open laparoscopy, the prototype spring-loaded clip, and the Rocket clip. The 24,439 cases make up a data set collected by collaborating staffs at 64 institutions in 27 countries. The five techniques were compared with respect to six commonly evaluated parameters. Rates of surgical difficulties ranged from 2.4% to 12.5% (5.1% overall); rates of surgical complications, from 0.7% to 2.7% (1.7% overall); and rates of technical failures, from 0.6% to 1.0% (0.8% overall). Twelve-month life-table pregnancy rates were less than one per 100 women years. Prospective data on six menstrual parameters revealed that the menstrual cycles of the majority of women were unchanged after sterilization; for those who reported a change, approximately half experienced a change in one direction and half in the other direction. For example, one half reported an increase in the amount of menstrual flow, and one half reported a decrease in the amount of flow. The reported incidence of subsequent pelvic operations was less than 1% at each long-term follow-up. These data indicate that laparoscopic sterilization is safe and effective and that none of the studied techniques has a distinct advantage.

Authors

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Source

MeSH

Actuarial Analysis
Adult
Electrocoagulation
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Laparoscopy
Menstruation
Postoperative Complications
Pregnancy
Safety
Sterilization, Tubal

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

6214956