Studies on the prevalence and epidemiology of urinary stone disease in men in Leeds.
A postal survey among 2% of men in Leeds showed that the prevalence of urinary stone disease is 3.8%. The prevalence of upper urinary tract and spontaneously passed stones increases progressively from 0.7% in social class 5 to 5.0% in social class 1 but that of bladder stones (0.7% in the group as a whole) is independent of social class. There is an initial peak of upper urinary tract and spontaneously passed stones commencing at age 20 and having a projected prevalence at age 90 of 5.7% and a second peak of bladder stones, commencing about age 50, with a projected prevalence of 1.9%. The prevalence of stone disease increases according to the order: single less than divorced/separated less than married less than widowed men. A family history of stones tends to be higher amongst relatives of stone-formers than amongst the corresponding relatives of control subjects, the male/female ratio being 2:1. The occurrence of urinary stones is significantly associated with that of gallstones, high blood pressure, backache, arthritis and gout but not with that of peptic ulcer, diabetes, thyroid disease or bronchitis.
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Urinary Bladder Calculi
Pub Type(s)Comparative Study