Uptake and stability of human and bovine acid alpha-glucosidase in cultured fibroblasts and skeletal muscle cells from glycogenosis type II patients.Exp Cell Res. 1984 Nov; 155(1):178-89.EC
Acid alpha-glucosidase (EC 126.96.36.199) was purified from human placenta and bovine testis by affinity chromatography using concanavalin A (conA) and Sephadex G 200. When added to the culture medium of human fibroblasts, the enzyme purified from bovine testis is taken up with a 200-fold higher efficiency than the enzyme from human placenta. Uptake of acid alpha-glucosidase from bovine testis is mediated by the mannose-6-phosphate receptor, whereas only a minor fraction of placental enzyme appears to be equipped with the mannose-6-phosphate recognition marker. Once internalized, both human and bovine acid alpha-glucosidase demonstrate a half-life of about 10 days in fibroblasts from control individuals and patients with different clinical forms of glycogenosis type II (Pompe's disease, acid alpha-glucosidase deficiency). Evidence is presented that the mannose-6-phosphate receptor is also present on the plasma membrane of the clonal myogenic skeletal muscle cell lines G8-1 and L6J1 (respectively from mouse and rat origin) and on cultured human skeletal muscle cells derived from a muscle biopsy. Addition of bovine testis acid alpha-glucosidase to skeletal muscle cell cultures from an adult patient with glycogenosis type II leads to complete correction of the enzyme deficiency.