Regulation of coenzyme A biosynthesis by glucagon and glucocorticoid in adult rat liver parenchymal cells.Biochem J. 1980 Apr 15; 188(1):175-84.BJ
We studied the effects of glucagon, dibutyryl cyclic AMP and dexamethasone on the rate of [(14)C]pantothenate conversion to CoA in adult rat liver parenchymal cells in primary culture. The presence of 30nm-glucagon increased the rate by about 1.5-fold relative to control cultures (range 1.4-2.3) and 2.4-fold relative to cultures containing 1-3m-i.u. of insulin/ml. The half-maximal effect was obtained at 3nm-glucagon. Dibutyryl cyclic AMP plus theophylline also enhanced the rate by about 1.5-fold. Dexamethasone acted synergistically with glucagon; glucagon at 0.3nm had no effect when added alone, but resulted in a 1.7-fold enhancement when added in the presence of dexamethasone (maximum effect at 50nm). The 1.4-fold enhancement caused by the addition of saturating glucagon concentrations was increased to a 3-fold overall enhancement by the addition of dexamethasone. However, dexamethasone added alone over the range 5nm to 5mum had no effect on the rate of [(14)C]pantothenate conversion to CoA. The stimulatory effect of dibutyryl cyclic AMP plus theophylline was also enhanced by the addition of dexamethasone. Changes in intracellular pantothenate concentration or radioactivity could not account for the stimulatory effects of glucagon, dibutyryl cyclic AMP or dexamethasone. Addition of 18mum-cycloheximide, an inhibitor of protein synthesis, decreased the rate of incorporation of [(14)C]pantothenate into CoA and the enhancement of this rate by glucagon and dibutyryl cyclic AMP plus theophylline in a reversible manner. These results demonstrate an influence of glucagon, dibutyryl cyclic AMP and glucocorticoids on the intracellular mechanism regulating total CoA concentrations in the liver.