Arachidonic acid-induced platelet aggregation is mediated by a thromboxane A2/prostaglandin H2 receptor interaction.J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1984 Jan; 228(1):240-4.JP
The mechanism by which the active metabolites of arachidonic acid (AA), i.e., thromboxane A2 and/or prostaglandin H2 (TXA2/PGH2) induce platelet aggregation is not understood. Several reports have suggested that AA-stimulated aggregation is mediated by secreted ADP, whereas other studies have proposed that this response is ADP-independent. In the present report, we used the specific TXA2/PGH2 receptor antagonist, 13-azaprostanoic acid (13-APA), and the ADP antagonist, ATP, to examine the contribution of TXA2/PGH2 or secreted ADP to aggregation. We found that 13-APA, but not ATP, deaggregates platelets stimulated by AA or U46619 (a TXA2/PGH2 mimetic). In contrast, ADP-induced aggregation was reversed in response to ATP but not to 13-APA. These results suggest that TXA2/PGH2-stimulated aggregation is mediated through TXA2/PGH2 receptor occupation. Furthermore, secreted ADP does not appear to be required for maintenance of the AA-aggregation response.