[A case of portal hypertension with massive gastrointestinal bleeding from ileal varices].Nihon Geka Gakkai Zasshi. 1984 Jun; 85(6):611-5.NG
A rare case of massive gastrointestinal bleeding from ileal varices was reported. On December 28, 1982, a 49-year-old male was admitted to Kurashiki Central Hospital because of massive gastrointestinal bleeding. Eleven years ago, the patient underwent an emergency operation for rupture of esophageal varices. The venous phase of selective superior mesenteric and celiac angiography showed mesenteric varices, but no definite bleeding point was noted. Endoscopy revealed esophageal varices, but no area of bleeding was encountered. Because of frequently repeated hemorrhages, laparotomy was performed. A large vein was found on the surface of the ileal wall, through an adhesion to the lateral pelvic wall. Partial resection of ileum was performed. Histological examination of the resected small bowel demonstrated ruptured submucosal varices. The postoperative course was uneventful and he was discharged on the 40th postoperative day. It is stressed that this disease should be considered as a differential diagnosis for a patient with lower gastrointestinal bleeding and portal hypertension.