Prevention of acute aspirin-induced gastric mucosal injury by 15-R-15 methyl prostaglandin E2: an endoscopic study.Gastroenterology. 1984 Feb; 86(2):339-45.G
The deleterious effects of aspirin on gastric mucosa have been well documented in experimental and clinical studies. Prostaglandins offer a potential method by which this injury may be prevented. In these studies, we developed a single-dose endoscopic assay system of aspirin-induced gastric mucosal injury in normal volunteers. With this system, 27 of 30 volunteers (90%) demonstrated severe mucosal injury after ingestion of aspirin. Subsequently, we evaluated whether pretreatment with 15-R-15 methyl prostaglandin E2 prevented severe injury after ingestion of aspirin. Following an initial dose-response study, a double-blind crossover trial was performed using pretreatment with placebo or with 10-micrograms doses of 15-R-15 methyl prostaglandin E2 for 24 h before treatment with aspirin. The results of this trial indicate that prostaglandin pretreatment significantly prevented the occurrence of endoscopically visible severe gastric mucosal injury after single-dose aspirin administration.