Distal splenorenal shunt in treatment of bleeding esophageal varices in renal transplant recipients.Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1984 Jan; 158(1):17-21.SG
We conclude from this study that bleeding esophageal varices may occur as a late complication of liver disease associated with chronic renal failure and renal transplantation. In two of the three patients reported upon, the liver disease was probably determined on the basis of cirrhosis, secondary to chronic, active hepatitis from non-A, non-B hepatitis, while the third patient had hepatic fibrosis. Such bleeding is best controlled by selective variceal decompression with a DSRS. Finally, it is technically feasible to perform a DSRS upon some patients following a left nephrectomy, and the renal vein is of adequate caliber even in the presence of nonfunctioning kidneys.