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[Biogenic amines in food: effects of histamine, tyramine and phenylethylamine in the human].

Abstract

The effect of 25 mg histamine, 25 mg tyramine and 5 mg phenylethylamine resp. in apple juice on 27 healthy volunteers was studied using a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind procedure. No statistically significant effect was found with histamine and tyramine, but phenylethylamine produced symptoms like headache, dizziness and discomfort in some volunteers. In a second experiment the effect of four different wines (2 dl) containing naturally several biogenic amines in various amounts (histamine n.d. - 21 ppm; tyramine 1-23 ppm; phenylethylamine n.d. - 6 ppm; putrescine 2-55 ppm) on 20 volunteers was recorded. The percentage of volunteers experiencing symptoms was of the same order of magnitude as in the first experiment. No correlation was found to exist in this second experiment between the occurrence of symptoms and the concentration of biogenic amines in the wine samples.

Authors

,

Source

MeSH

Beverages
Biogenic Amines
Clinical Trials as Topic
Dizziness
Double-Blind Method
Headache
Histamine
Humans
Phenethylamines
Tyramine
Wine

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
English Abstract
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

ger

PubMed ID

6364621

Citation

Lüthy, J, and C Schlatter. "[Biogenic Amines in Food: Effects of Histamine, Tyramine and Phenylethylamine in the Human]." Zeitschrift Fur Lebensmittel-Untersuchung Und -Forschung, vol. 177, no. 6, 1983, pp. 439-43.
Lüthy J, Schlatter C. [Biogenic amines in food: effects of histamine, tyramine and phenylethylamine in the human]. Z Lebensm Unters Forsch. 1983;177(6):439-43.
Lüthy, J., & Schlatter, C. (1983). [Biogenic amines in food: effects of histamine, tyramine and phenylethylamine in the human]. Zeitschrift Fur Lebensmittel-Untersuchung Und -Forschung, 177(6), pp. 439-43.
Lüthy J, Schlatter C. [Biogenic Amines in Food: Effects of Histamine, Tyramine and Phenylethylamine in the Human]. Z Lebensm Unters Forsch. 1983;177(6):439-43. PubMed PMID: 6364621.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Biogenic amines in food: effects of histamine, tyramine and phenylethylamine in the human]. AU - Lüthy,J, AU - Schlatter,C, PY - 1983/1/1/pubmed PY - 1983/1/1/medline PY - 1983/1/1/entrez SP - 439 EP - 43 JF - Zeitschrift fur Lebensmittel-Untersuchung und -Forschung JO - Z Lebensm Unters Forsch VL - 177 IS - 6 N2 - The effect of 25 mg histamine, 25 mg tyramine and 5 mg phenylethylamine resp. in apple juice on 27 healthy volunteers was studied using a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind procedure. No statistically significant effect was found with histamine and tyramine, but phenylethylamine produced symptoms like headache, dizziness and discomfort in some volunteers. In a second experiment the effect of four different wines (2 dl) containing naturally several biogenic amines in various amounts (histamine n.d. - 21 ppm; tyramine 1-23 ppm; phenylethylamine n.d. - 6 ppm; putrescine 2-55 ppm) on 20 volunteers was recorded. The percentage of volunteers experiencing symptoms was of the same order of magnitude as in the first experiment. No correlation was found to exist in this second experiment between the occurrence of symptoms and the concentration of biogenic amines in the wine samples. SN - 0044-3026 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/6364621/[Biogenic_amines_in_food:_effects_of_histamine_tyramine_and_phenylethylamine_in_the_human]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -