Baclofen in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia: double-blind study and long-term follow-up.Ann Neurol. 1984 Mar; 15(3):240-4.AN
A double-blind crossover study of the effects of baclofen was conducted on 10 patients with typical trigeminal neuralgia. Baclofen significantly decreased the number of painful paroxysms in 7 of the 10 patients. An open trial in another 50 patients with trigeminal neuralgia refractory to or unable to tolerate carbamazepine showed that 37 (74%) were relieved of their attacks by baclofen, either alone (12 patients) or in combination with previously ineffective doses of carbamazepine or phenytoin (25). On long-term follow-up of one to five years (mean, 3.0 years), 18 of the 60 patients (30%) continued pain free while receiving baclofen; 10 (17%) went into remission after 3 to 6 months; 13 (22%) became refractory to baclofen after 1 to 18 months; and 2 (3%) elected operation despite a good response to baclofen. The results indicate that baclofen is a useful drug in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia.