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The epidemiology and ecology of blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis.
Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A. 1984 Jul; 257(2):219-27.ZB

Abstract

Blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis are the major pulmonary mycoses of humans. Each is considered to be a primary pulmonary disease acquired by inhalation of infectious spores from the environment. Blastomycosis occurs predominantly in the Mississippi River Valley and Southeastern portions of the U.S.A. Clinical cases have also been noted from a few other areas of the world. The etiologic agent, Blastomyces dermatitidis, is not readily recoverable from nature, but the disease is not contagious and must be acquired from some exogenous source poorly defined at present. Blastomycosis is common in dogs but unusual in other species although a wide variety of animals can be infected experimentally. The disease is more common in middle age, in blacks, and in males. Coccidioidomycosis is restricted to the Western Hemisphere where most cases occur in the semiarid regions of Southwestern U.S. and contiguous areas of Mexico. Limited endemic foci are found in South and Central American locations. The arthroconidia of Coccidioides immitis occur in the soil of endemic areas from whence they are inhaled by humans and other animals. The disease is not customarily contagious. Handling cultures in the laboratory is a serious biohazard. The basis for an apparent racial predisposition to develop disseminated disease is unknown. Two clinical entities distinguishable by their etiologic agents are recognized to comprise histoplasmosis. Histoplasmosis caused by Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum is a cosmopolitan disease with the greatest known concentration of cases located in the eastern half of the U.S. and most of Latin America.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

6385560

Citation

Howard, D H.. "The Epidemiology and Ecology of Blastomycosis, Coccidioidomycosis and Histoplasmosis." Zentralblatt Fur Bakteriologie, Mikrobiologie, Und Hygiene. Series A, Medical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases, Virology, Parasitology, vol. 257, no. 2, 1984, pp. 219-27.
Howard DH. The epidemiology and ecology of blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis. Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A. 1984;257(2):219-27.
Howard, D. H. (1984). The epidemiology and ecology of blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis. Zentralblatt Fur Bakteriologie, Mikrobiologie, Und Hygiene. Series A, Medical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases, Virology, Parasitology, 257(2), 219-27.
Howard DH. The Epidemiology and Ecology of Blastomycosis, Coccidioidomycosis and Histoplasmosis. Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A. 1984;257(2):219-27. PubMed PMID: 6385560.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The epidemiology and ecology of blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis. A1 - Howard,D H, PY - 1984/7/1/pubmed PY - 1984/7/1/medline PY - 1984/7/1/entrez SP - 219 EP - 27 JF - Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Mikrobiologie, und Hygiene. Series A, Medical microbiology, infectious diseases, virology, parasitology JO - Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A VL - 257 IS - 2 N2 - Blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis are the major pulmonary mycoses of humans. Each is considered to be a primary pulmonary disease acquired by inhalation of infectious spores from the environment. Blastomycosis occurs predominantly in the Mississippi River Valley and Southeastern portions of the U.S.A. Clinical cases have also been noted from a few other areas of the world. The etiologic agent, Blastomyces dermatitidis, is not readily recoverable from nature, but the disease is not contagious and must be acquired from some exogenous source poorly defined at present. Blastomycosis is common in dogs but unusual in other species although a wide variety of animals can be infected experimentally. The disease is more common in middle age, in blacks, and in males. Coccidioidomycosis is restricted to the Western Hemisphere where most cases occur in the semiarid regions of Southwestern U.S. and contiguous areas of Mexico. Limited endemic foci are found in South and Central American locations. The arthroconidia of Coccidioides immitis occur in the soil of endemic areas from whence they are inhaled by humans and other animals. The disease is not customarily contagious. Handling cultures in the laboratory is a serious biohazard. The basis for an apparent racial predisposition to develop disseminated disease is unknown. Two clinical entities distinguishable by their etiologic agents are recognized to comprise histoplasmosis. Histoplasmosis caused by Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum is a cosmopolitan disease with the greatest known concentration of cases located in the eastern half of the U.S. and most of Latin America.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0176-6724 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/6385560/The_epidemiology_and_ecology_of_blastomycosis_coccidioidomycosis_and_histoplasmosis_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/864 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -