Counterimmunoelectrophoresis (immunoelectroosmosis) and serum electrophoretic pattern in serologic diagnosis of canine blastomycosis.Am J Vet Res. 1983 Feb; 44(2):218-22.AJ
Counterimmunoelectrophoresis (CIEP) with blastomyces and histoplasma antigens was used in a serologic study of 181 dogs clinically suspected of having blastomycosis and of 8 dogs with confirmed blastomycosis or histoplasmosis. Thirteen of the 181 dogs, positive by CIEP, were euthanatized, and the diagnosis was confirmed by cultivation and/or microscopic detection of Blastomyces dermatitidis. Additional CIEP-positive dogs were confirmed by staining of aspirates collected in vivo. Radiographic support for the diagnosis was reported in 4 other dogs in which histoplasmosis was excluded by a negative CIEP with histoplasma antigen. The precipitating antibody may disappear during the course of the disease, as it did in 1 dog treated with amphotericin B, but not cured. This dog reverted from CIEP-positive to CIEP-negative within 17 months of treatment (with a weak reaction after 10 months of treatment). The CIEP-detectable antibody was present only in 1 dog without a confirmation by histopathologic findings or cultivation among 24 well-documented cases and 181 total tested sera. The CIEP was more sensitive and specific than was the gel-diffusion precipitin test, eliminated the problems of anticomplementarity that often affected the results of complement-fixation tests with canine sera, and served well in detecting dogs with blastomycosis. Electrophoretic pattern of sera from CIEP-positive dogs with blastomycosis showed a decrease in albumin and an increase in alpha 2- and often in beta- and gamma-globulins, with a substantial decrease of the albumin/globulin ratio.