The interrelationships between prolactin and thyrotrophin secretion following dopaminergic blockage in patients with mild hyperprolactinaemia without any demonstrable pituitary tumour.Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1983 Sep; 19(3):285-94.CE
PRL, TSH and gonadotrophin responses to the dopaminergic antagonist, metoclopramide, were studied in mildly hyperprolactinaemic patients with normal sella radiology and CT scan. Eleven female patients with basal PRL levels ranging from 23 to 124 ng/ml were challenged with intravenous metoclopramide (10 mg) and on subsequent occasions with TRH (200 micrograms) and LHRH (100 micrograms). On the basis of the PRL secretory pattern following metoclopramide and TRH stimulation, the patients were divided into two groups. Group I comprised six subjects who were PRL non-responsive to TRH and metoclopramide. Group II (five subjects) demonstrated PRL responses to TRH and metoclopramide indistinguishable from female controls. Mean +/- SD basal PRL levels were 68.5 +/- 29.9 ng/ml in Group I and not different in Group II (40.6 +/- 12.0 ng/ml). Basal LH levels were increased in Group II, whereas FSH was increased in Group I. Basal TSH levels were lower in Group I than the controls. Following metoclopramide, Group I patients had an increase in TSH from a basal of 2.4 +/- 0.7 microU/ml to a peak of 5.9 +/- 2.7 microU/ml (P less than 0.005) which occurred at 30 min. TSH values were increased above basal at all time intervals following metoclopramide. In contrast, TSH levels did not change in Group II patients or the controls after metoclopramide administration. Both patient groups had TSH responses to TRH similar to the controls. Following LHRH, the LH increase was greater in Group II and the FSH in Group I. In neither group nor the controls did gonadotrophin levels change after metoclopramide. In Group II females, PRL responsiveness to metoclopramide was associated with TSH non-responsiveness. In Group I females, PRL levels failed to rise, whereas TSH increased. The PRL and TSH profile in Group I females is typical of a prolactinoma. It is concluded that PRL as well as TSH determinations following metoclopramide are useful indices in the assessment of hyperprolactinaemia and may be of value in differentiating the functional state from that of a pituitary tumour.