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Pituitary-thyroid hormone economy in healthy aging men: basal indices of thyroid function and thyrotropin responses to constant infusions of thyrotropin releasing hormone.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1984 Feb; 58(2):320-6.JC

Abstract

In order to assess the effects of aging, as distinct from those of thyroid disease or extrathyroidal illness, on certain indices of thyroid function, we studied 74 healthy, ambulatory men recruited from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study on Aging. We determined basal serum values of T4, T3, rT3, thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG), and T3 resin uptake (T3RU) and calculated the free T4 index (FT4I = T4 X T3RU/100), free T3 index (FT3I = T3 X T3RU/100), and T4/TBG ratio for each subject. We used an ultrasensitive RIA to measure variations in basal concentrations of TSH within the normal range. We then infused TRH at a constant rate (0.4 microgram/min iv) for 240 min into 63 of the same men; serum samples, collected at 15-min intervals during the infusion, were analyzed for TSH by routine RIA. Subjects were divided into 3 groups according to age; A (n = 26, mean age = 39.4), B (n = 23, mean age = 60.0), and C (n = 25, mean age = 79.6). Analysis of variance with Duncan's multiple range test and regression analysis were used to evaluate data. There was no significant (P greater than 0.05) variation with age of basal serum values of T4, TBG, or T3RU. Comparison of groups A and C showed significant decreases of mean values of serum T3 (-11%, P less than 0.05), FT3I (-13%, P = 0.02), FT4I (-11%, P less than 0.01), and T4/TBG ratio (-12%, P less than 0.01) and an increase in serum TSH (+38%, P less than 0.05). For these variables, the mean values for group B were intermediate between, but not significantly different from, those of A and C. Regression analysis showed significant correlations of age with T3, FT3I, FT4I, T4/TBG, and TSH at P levels similar to those obtained by Duncan's test. No elderly individual exhibited a baseline elevation of TSH (greater than 7 microU/ml) or depression of T4 (less than 5 micrograms/dl), suggesting that primary hypothyroidism was not present in our old group. The basal TSH concentration did not correlate significantly with any index of thyroid function except with FT3I in group C (r = -0.43, P less than 0.05). In all age groups the TSH responses to TRH exhibited a biphasic pattern with early and late peaks.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

6420436

Citation

Harman, S M., et al. "Pituitary-thyroid Hormone Economy in Healthy Aging Men: Basal Indices of Thyroid Function and Thyrotropin Responses to Constant Infusions of Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone." The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 58, no. 2, 1984, pp. 320-6.
Harman SM, Wehmann RE, Blackman MR. Pituitary-thyroid hormone economy in healthy aging men: basal indices of thyroid function and thyrotropin responses to constant infusions of thyrotropin releasing hormone. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1984;58(2):320-6.
Harman, S. M., Wehmann, R. E., & Blackman, M. R. (1984). Pituitary-thyroid hormone economy in healthy aging men: basal indices of thyroid function and thyrotropin responses to constant infusions of thyrotropin releasing hormone. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 58(2), 320-6.
Harman SM, Wehmann RE, Blackman MR. Pituitary-thyroid Hormone Economy in Healthy Aging Men: Basal Indices of Thyroid Function and Thyrotropin Responses to Constant Infusions of Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1984;58(2):320-6. PubMed PMID: 6420436.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pituitary-thyroid hormone economy in healthy aging men: basal indices of thyroid function and thyrotropin responses to constant infusions of thyrotropin releasing hormone. AU - Harman,S M, AU - Wehmann,R E, AU - Blackman,M R, PY - 1984/2/1/pubmed PY - 1984/2/1/medline PY - 1984/2/1/entrez SP - 320 EP - 6 JF - The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism JO - J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. VL - 58 IS - 2 N2 - In order to assess the effects of aging, as distinct from those of thyroid disease or extrathyroidal illness, on certain indices of thyroid function, we studied 74 healthy, ambulatory men recruited from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study on Aging. We determined basal serum values of T4, T3, rT3, thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG), and T3 resin uptake (T3RU) and calculated the free T4 index (FT4I = T4 X T3RU/100), free T3 index (FT3I = T3 X T3RU/100), and T4/TBG ratio for each subject. We used an ultrasensitive RIA to measure variations in basal concentrations of TSH within the normal range. We then infused TRH at a constant rate (0.4 microgram/min iv) for 240 min into 63 of the same men; serum samples, collected at 15-min intervals during the infusion, were analyzed for TSH by routine RIA. Subjects were divided into 3 groups according to age; A (n = 26, mean age = 39.4), B (n = 23, mean age = 60.0), and C (n = 25, mean age = 79.6). Analysis of variance with Duncan's multiple range test and regression analysis were used to evaluate data. There was no significant (P greater than 0.05) variation with age of basal serum values of T4, TBG, or T3RU. Comparison of groups A and C showed significant decreases of mean values of serum T3 (-11%, P less than 0.05), FT3I (-13%, P = 0.02), FT4I (-11%, P less than 0.01), and T4/TBG ratio (-12%, P less than 0.01) and an increase in serum TSH (+38%, P less than 0.05). For these variables, the mean values for group B were intermediate between, but not significantly different from, those of A and C. Regression analysis showed significant correlations of age with T3, FT3I, FT4I, T4/TBG, and TSH at P levels similar to those obtained by Duncan's test. No elderly individual exhibited a baseline elevation of TSH (greater than 7 microU/ml) or depression of T4 (less than 5 micrograms/dl), suggesting that primary hypothyroidism was not present in our old group. The basal TSH concentration did not correlate significantly with any index of thyroid function except with FT3I in group C (r = -0.43, P less than 0.05). In all age groups the TSH responses to TRH exhibited a biphasic pattern with early and late peaks.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0021-972X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/6420436/Pituitary_thyroid_hormone_economy_in_healthy_aging_men:_basal_indices_of_thyroid_function_and_thyrotropin_responses_to_constant_infusions_of_thyrotropin_releasing_hormone_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jcem/article-lookup/doi/10.1210/jcem-58-2-320 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -