Inhibitory effect of diethylstilbestrol on histamine release by rat mast cells and its relation to the cellular ATP content.Biochim Biophys Acta. 1984 Apr 16; 803(4):323-30.BB
The effect of diethylstilbestrol, a synthetic estrogen, on mast cell secretion was investigated. The results showed that 50 microM diethylstilbestrol inhibited histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells in the presence and absence of glucose, but did not affect 45Ca uptake stimulated by concanavalin A. Diethylstilbestrol also inhibited histamine release induced by compound 48/80, exogenous ATP, or ionophore A23187. Since estradiol benzoate, hexestrol and daidzein were not inhibitory, the inhibitory action of diethylstilbestrol must be independent of its estrogenic activity. The ATP content of mast cells decreased to less than 0.1 nmol/10(6) cells on treatment with 50 microM diethylstilbestrol at 37 degrees C for 15 min. This effect of diethylstilbestrol in decreasing the ATP content of mast cells correlated well with its inhibitory effect on histamine release. Diethylstilbestrol at 50 microM depleted the cells of ATP at 37 degrees C, but not at 0 degrees C, whereas [3H]diethylstilbestrol ([monoethyl-3H]diethylstilbestrol) binding to rat mast cells was the same at 0 and 37 degrees C. It is concluded that diethylstilbestrol reduced the ATP content of rat mast cells by inhibiting metabolism of the cells, and consequently inhibited degranulation.