Effect of cadmium on ATPase activities in rats fed on iron-deficient and sufficient diets.J Environ Sci Health B 1980; 15(4):379-93JE
Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed on different levels of cadmium mixed with purified diets containing iron or no iron for 8 weeks. The body weight gain, tissue weights, hemoglobin, hematocrit, liver and brain ATPase were measured at 2, 4 and 8 weeks after feeding. The hemoglobin and hematocrit values were the same in all rats fed on cadmium. The rats fed on iron-deficient diets mixed with cadmium showed a significant decrease in body weight gain. However, the rats receiving only the 100 ppm of cadmium in iron-sufficient diet showed a significant decrease in body weight gain. There were no significant changes in the weights of thymus, spleen, kidney, heart, brain and testes. However, the liver weights were decreased in the highest treatment of cadmium but the liver weight/body ratios were uneffected. Na+-K+ activated ATPase activity in brains of rats fed on cadmium were significantly decreased at 2, 4 and 8 weeks of treatment. The decrease was more pronounced in rats fed on iron-deficient diets. Oligomycin-sensitive (Mitochondrial) Mg2+ ATPase activity was also significantly decreased in liver and brain tissues of rats fed on cadmium. Oligomycin-insensitive Mg2+ ATPase activity, however, was not altered in any tissues tested. It appears that cadmium may be interfering with energy (ATP) production and utilization processes in rat brain and liver tissues.