[Physical dimensions influence the functional property of the semicircular canal].Boll Soc Ital Biol Sper. 1984 May 30; 60(5):1005-11.BS
The functional dependence of the semicircular canal upon its physical dimensions was evaluated by measuring the internal radius (r), the radius of curvature (R) and the cupula radius (rC) of the posterior canal in 10 freshly dissected frog labyrinths. These values have been compared to the same parameters of the cat labyrinth. The coefficients I, B, K in the Steinhausen equation were determined for both animals. The A ratio between cupula deflection and endolymph displacement was also calculated by utilizing the Bernard equation. The A ratio is three times larger in the frog than in the cat. It follows that if the same acceleration produces similar endolymph displacements in the posterior canal of both animals, the cupula deflection will be larger in the frog. The solution of the Steinhausen equation in the presence of a constant acceleration, however, reveals that the same stimulus intensity will result in a larger endolymph displacement in the cat posterior canal; similarly, the endolymph displacement directly depends on the duration of the stimulating period in both animals. Contrary to the Bernard assumption, these effects generate a G ratio (psi frog/psi cat) which is less than the Q ratio (A frog/A cat). Moreover, G decreases on increasing the duration of the stimulating period. For stimuli of short duration the semicircular canal of a small animal is expected to exhibit a higher sensitivity than that of a larger one. However, the definitive primary afferent discharge will be largely controlled by the receptor/generator potential properties.