Abdominal manifestations of actinomycosis in IUD users.J Clin Gastroenterol. 1984 Aug; 6(4):343-8.JC
The use of an intrauterine device (IUD) is associated with the presence of actinomyces in the female genital tract. Since IUD use is currently so prevalent, IUD-related pelvic inflammatory disease occasionally spreads to the rest of the abdomen. Two patients with abdominal actinomycosis in association with an IUD illustrate the problem; we review the general problem.