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Low-density lipoprotein receptor binding determinants switch from apolipoprotein E to apolipoprotein B during conversion of hypertriglyceridemic very-low-density lipoprotein to low-density lipoproteins.
J Biol Chem. 1984 Dec 10; 259(23):14728-35.JB

Abstract

Using thrombin and trypsin as probes, we determined: first, that low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor binding determinants switch from apolipoprotein (apo) E to apo-B within the very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) Sf 20-60 region of the metabolic cascade from VLDL1 (Sf 100-400) of hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) human subjects to LDL. Second, two different conformations of apo-E exist in HTG-VLDL Sf greater than 60, one accessible (greater than or equal to 1 mol/mol of particle) and one inaccessible (1-2 mol/mol) to both thrombin and the LDL receptor; normal VLDL (Sf greater than 60) have only the inaccessible conformation and therefore do not bind to the LDL receptor. Third, thrombin degrades apo-B into large fragments, three of which have electrophoretic mobilities similar to B-48, B-74, and B-26; this, however, has no effect on apo-B-mediated receptor binding. Fibroblast studies showed that thrombin could abolish receptor uptake of HTG-VLDL1 and HTG-VLDL2 (Sf 60-100), had little or no effect on HTG-VLDL3 (Sf 20-60), and no effect on uptake of intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL) or LDL. Trypsin abolished the binding of HTG-VLDL1 and HTG-VLDL2, reduced that of HTG-VLDL3, but had little to no effect on IDL or LDL binding. Immunochemical techniques revealed that thrombin cleaved some apo-E into the E-22 and E-12 fragments; after trypsin treatment no apo-E was detected in any HTG-lipoprotein. Normal VLDL subclasses contained less apo-E than the corresponding HTG-VLDL subclasses and it was not cleaved by thrombin. Apo-B immunoreactivities of VLDL subclasses were not significantly changed after treatment with thrombin, although thrombin cleaved some of the B-100 of each VLDL subclass, and all apo-B in IDL and LDL, into 4-6 major large fragments. Trypsin converted all of the apo-B of each lipoprotein into smaller fragments (Mr less than 100,000). We conclude that apo-E of the thrombin-accessible conformation mediates uptake of HTG-VLDL1 and HTG-VLDL2 but that apo-B alone is sufficient to mediate receptor binding of IDL and LDL; the switch from apo-E to apo-B as the primary or sufficient binding determinant occurs within the VLDL3 (Sf 20-60) region of the metabolic cascade, where receptor binding first appears in VLDL subclasses from normal subjects.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

6501314

Citation

Bradley, W A., et al. "Low-density Lipoprotein Receptor Binding Determinants Switch From Apolipoprotein E to Apolipoprotein B During Conversion of Hypertriglyceridemic Very-low-density Lipoprotein to Low-density Lipoproteins." The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 259, no. 23, 1984, pp. 14728-35.
Bradley WA, Hwang SL, Karlin JB, et al. Low-density lipoprotein receptor binding determinants switch from apolipoprotein E to apolipoprotein B during conversion of hypertriglyceridemic very-low-density lipoprotein to low-density lipoproteins. J Biol Chem. 1984;259(23):14728-35.
Bradley, W. A., Hwang, S. L., Karlin, J. B., Lin, A. H., Prasad, S. C., Gotto, A. M., & Gianturco, S. H. (1984). Low-density lipoprotein receptor binding determinants switch from apolipoprotein E to apolipoprotein B during conversion of hypertriglyceridemic very-low-density lipoprotein to low-density lipoproteins. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 259(23), 14728-35.
Bradley WA, et al. Low-density Lipoprotein Receptor Binding Determinants Switch From Apolipoprotein E to Apolipoprotein B During Conversion of Hypertriglyceridemic Very-low-density Lipoprotein to Low-density Lipoproteins. J Biol Chem. 1984 Dec 10;259(23):14728-35. PubMed PMID: 6501314.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Low-density lipoprotein receptor binding determinants switch from apolipoprotein E to apolipoprotein B during conversion of hypertriglyceridemic very-low-density lipoprotein to low-density lipoproteins. AU - Bradley,W A, AU - Hwang,S L, AU - Karlin,J B, AU - Lin,A H, AU - Prasad,S C, AU - Gotto,A M,Jr AU - Gianturco,S H, PY - 1984/12/10/pubmed PY - 2001/3/28/medline PY - 1984/12/10/entrez SP - 14728 EP - 35 JF - The Journal of biological chemistry JO - J Biol Chem VL - 259 IS - 23 N2 - Using thrombin and trypsin as probes, we determined: first, that low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor binding determinants switch from apolipoprotein (apo) E to apo-B within the very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) Sf 20-60 region of the metabolic cascade from VLDL1 (Sf 100-400) of hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) human subjects to LDL. Second, two different conformations of apo-E exist in HTG-VLDL Sf greater than 60, one accessible (greater than or equal to 1 mol/mol of particle) and one inaccessible (1-2 mol/mol) to both thrombin and the LDL receptor; normal VLDL (Sf greater than 60) have only the inaccessible conformation and therefore do not bind to the LDL receptor. Third, thrombin degrades apo-B into large fragments, three of which have electrophoretic mobilities similar to B-48, B-74, and B-26; this, however, has no effect on apo-B-mediated receptor binding. Fibroblast studies showed that thrombin could abolish receptor uptake of HTG-VLDL1 and HTG-VLDL2 (Sf 60-100), had little or no effect on HTG-VLDL3 (Sf 20-60), and no effect on uptake of intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL) or LDL. Trypsin abolished the binding of HTG-VLDL1 and HTG-VLDL2, reduced that of HTG-VLDL3, but had little to no effect on IDL or LDL binding. Immunochemical techniques revealed that thrombin cleaved some apo-E into the E-22 and E-12 fragments; after trypsin treatment no apo-E was detected in any HTG-lipoprotein. Normal VLDL subclasses contained less apo-E than the corresponding HTG-VLDL subclasses and it was not cleaved by thrombin. Apo-B immunoreactivities of VLDL subclasses were not significantly changed after treatment with thrombin, although thrombin cleaved some of the B-100 of each VLDL subclass, and all apo-B in IDL and LDL, into 4-6 major large fragments. Trypsin converted all of the apo-B of each lipoprotein into smaller fragments (Mr less than 100,000). We conclude that apo-E of the thrombin-accessible conformation mediates uptake of HTG-VLDL1 and HTG-VLDL2 but that apo-B alone is sufficient to mediate receptor binding of IDL and LDL; the switch from apo-E to apo-B as the primary or sufficient binding determinant occurs within the VLDL3 (Sf 20-60) region of the metabolic cascade, where receptor binding first appears in VLDL subclasses from normal subjects. SN - 0021-9258 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/6501314/Low_density_lipoprotein_receptor_binding_determinants_switch_from_apolipoprotein_E_to_apolipoprotein_B_during_conversion_of_hypertriglyceridemic_very_low_density_lipoprotein_to_low_density_lipoproteins_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0021-9258(17)42663-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -