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[Epidemic of yellow fever in the southeastern region of Upper Volta (October-December, 1983). Epidemiological study. Preliminary results].
Med Trop (Mars). 1984 Oct-Dec; 44(4):303-9.MT

Abstract

An epidemic of yellow fever raged during the last three months of 1983 in South East of Upper Volta. It spread on about ten thousand square kilometers, in a bushy savanna area, affecting only populations living in contact with forest galleries, belonging especially to the peul ethnical group. The transmission of the virus was effected by sylvatic vectors, essentially Aedes furcifer. Serological tests showed that about 50 % of the population living in contact with forest galleries was affected, that is to say 15.000 to 17.500 people. The average death rate on the whole area was 4 % (800 to 1.700 deaths); the lethality rate was estimated between 6 and 10 % of affected people. On the whole, 54 strains of yellow fever virus were isolated from human blood samples, and 26 strains from batches of mosquitoes. We called this epidemic "intermediate sylvatic epidemic". The epidemic quickly decreased in the sylvatic area, owing to climatic conditions. A mass campaign of vaccinations prevented it from spreading to near urban centres. On this particular case, the thermostability on field of the vaccine 17D provided by the Institute Pasteur of Dakar was proved to be effective.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

fre

PubMed ID

6542965

Citation

Roux, J, et al. "[Epidemic of Yellow Fever in the Southeastern Region of Upper Volta (October-December, 1983). Epidemiological Study. Preliminary Results]." Medecine Tropicale : Revue Du Corps De Sante Colonial, vol. 44, no. 4, 1984, pp. 303-9.
Roux J, Baudon D, Robert V, et al. [Epidemic of yellow fever in the southeastern region of Upper Volta (October-December, 1983). Epidemiological study. Preliminary results]. Med Trop (Mars). 1984;44(4):303-9.
Roux, J., Baudon, D., Robert, V., Stanghellini, A., Gazin, P., Lhuillier, M., Saluzzo, J. F., Cornet, M., Sarthou, J. L., & Molez, J. F. (1984). [Epidemic of yellow fever in the southeastern region of Upper Volta (October-December, 1983). Epidemiological study. Preliminary results]. Medecine Tropicale : Revue Du Corps De Sante Colonial, 44(4), 303-9.
Roux J, et al. [Epidemic of Yellow Fever in the Southeastern Region of Upper Volta (October-December, 1983). Epidemiological Study. Preliminary Results]. Med Trop (Mars). 1984 Oct-Dec;44(4):303-9. PubMed PMID: 6542965.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Epidemic of yellow fever in the southeastern region of Upper Volta (October-December, 1983). Epidemiological study. Preliminary results]. A1 - Roux,J, AU - Baudon,D, AU - Robert,V, AU - Stanghellini,A, AU - Gazin,P, AU - Lhuillier,M, AU - Saluzzo,J F, AU - Cornet,M, AU - Sarthou,J L, AU - Molez,J F, PY - 1984/10/1/pubmed PY - 1984/10/1/medline PY - 1984/10/1/entrez SP - 303 EP - 9 JF - Medecine tropicale : revue du Corps de sante colonial JO - Med Trop (Mars) VL - 44 IS - 4 N2 - An epidemic of yellow fever raged during the last three months of 1983 in South East of Upper Volta. It spread on about ten thousand square kilometers, in a bushy savanna area, affecting only populations living in contact with forest galleries, belonging especially to the peul ethnical group. The transmission of the virus was effected by sylvatic vectors, essentially Aedes furcifer. Serological tests showed that about 50 % of the population living in contact with forest galleries was affected, that is to say 15.000 to 17.500 people. The average death rate on the whole area was 4 % (800 to 1.700 deaths); the lethality rate was estimated between 6 and 10 % of affected people. On the whole, 54 strains of yellow fever virus were isolated from human blood samples, and 26 strains from batches of mosquitoes. We called this epidemic "intermediate sylvatic epidemic". The epidemic quickly decreased in the sylvatic area, owing to climatic conditions. A mass campaign of vaccinations prevented it from spreading to near urban centres. On this particular case, the thermostability on field of the vaccine 17D provided by the Institute Pasteur of Dakar was proved to be effective. SN - 0025-682X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/6542965/[Epidemic_of_yellow_fever_in_the_southeastern_region_of_Upper_Volta__October_December_1983___Epidemiological_study__Preliminary_results]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/7583 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -