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Antrectomy and gastroduodenostomy with or without vagotomy in peptic ulcer disease. A prospective study with a 5-year follow-up.
Acta Chir Scand Suppl. 1983; 515:1-63.AC

Abstract

The results of a 5-year follow-up of 289 consecutive, peptic ulcer patients treated by antrectomy and gastroduodenostomy, with or without vagotomy, are presented. Patients with a preoperative gastric acid secretory capacity (PAO) below 40 mmol/h were treated by antrectomy alone, while subjects with a higher PAO had a vagotomy in addition. The antrectomy was defined by lithmus indication of the corpus-antrum border and by histologic verification, including gastrin cell counting. The over all incidence of gastroscopically verified recurrent ulceration was 8.5%. In patients with ulcer location in the bulb or the pyloric/prepyloric region (juxtapyloric ulcer) and treated by antrectomy alone, the recurrence rate was 18% (n = 102), and in gastric ulcer patients it was 4% (n = 47). Altogether 14 patients with recurrent ulcer were subsequently reoperated on by vagotomy showing no further recurrence. Antrectomy combined with vagotomy was primarily performed almost exclusively in patients with juxtapyloric ulceration, in whom the recurrence rate was 2% (n = 106). According to a postoperative insulin test, the patients with recurrence after antrectomy and vagotomy were incompletely vagotomized. In patients who remained free of symptoms or signs of recurrent disease, the median reduction in gastric acid secretory capacity was about 60% after antrectomy alone and 80% after antrectomy and vagotomy. In juxtapyloric ulcer patients with recurrence after antrectomy alone there was a small median reduction in PAO one month after operation (26%) and then an increase close to the preoperative level (6% reduction). In patients with a postoperative reduction in PAO of less than 35%, there was a high probability of recurrent ulcer, about 70%. In spite of selection of patients with a comparatively low preoperative PAO (less than 40 mmol/h) for antrectomy alone, the recurrence rate was 18% in patients with juxtapyloric ulcer location. In this selected group of patients the preoperative PAO was not higher in patients with ulcer recurrence than in patients who were asymptomatic after the operation. Selecting patients with juxtapyloric ulcer for antrectomy, with or without vagotomy, on the basis of gastric acid secretory capacity therefore seems unjustified. When vagotomy was added to antrectomy and gastroduodenostomy it seemed to increase the risk of developing serious (Visick 3u and 4) postgastrectomy syndromes; 12% after antrectomy and vagotomy versus 3% after antrectomy alone. Vagotomy appeared to be associated with an increased risk of bile reflux gastritis, gastric mycosis, and milk intolerance. Dumping and diarrhoea after vagotomy often coincided with milk intolerance. Antrectomy, with or without vagotomy, did not markedly impair recorded nutritional parameters.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

6579806

Citation

Rehnberg, O. "Antrectomy and Gastroduodenostomy With or Without Vagotomy in Peptic Ulcer Disease. a Prospective Study With a 5-year Follow-up." Acta Chirurgica Scandinavica. Supplementum, vol. 515, 1983, pp. 1-63.
Rehnberg O. Antrectomy and gastroduodenostomy with or without vagotomy in peptic ulcer disease. A prospective study with a 5-year follow-up. Acta Chir Scand Suppl. 1983;515:1-63.
Rehnberg, O. (1983). Antrectomy and gastroduodenostomy with or without vagotomy in peptic ulcer disease. A prospective study with a 5-year follow-up. Acta Chirurgica Scandinavica. Supplementum, 515, 1-63.
Rehnberg O. Antrectomy and Gastroduodenostomy With or Without Vagotomy in Peptic Ulcer Disease. a Prospective Study With a 5-year Follow-up. Acta Chir Scand Suppl. 1983;515:1-63. PubMed PMID: 6579806.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Antrectomy and gastroduodenostomy with or without vagotomy in peptic ulcer disease. A prospective study with a 5-year follow-up. A1 - Rehnberg,O, PY - 1983/1/1/pubmed PY - 1983/1/1/medline PY - 1983/1/1/entrez SP - 1 EP - 63 JF - Acta chirurgica Scandinavica. Supplementum JO - Acta Chir Scand Suppl VL - 515 N2 - The results of a 5-year follow-up of 289 consecutive, peptic ulcer patients treated by antrectomy and gastroduodenostomy, with or without vagotomy, are presented. Patients with a preoperative gastric acid secretory capacity (PAO) below 40 mmol/h were treated by antrectomy alone, while subjects with a higher PAO had a vagotomy in addition. The antrectomy was defined by lithmus indication of the corpus-antrum border and by histologic verification, including gastrin cell counting. The over all incidence of gastroscopically verified recurrent ulceration was 8.5%. In patients with ulcer location in the bulb or the pyloric/prepyloric region (juxtapyloric ulcer) and treated by antrectomy alone, the recurrence rate was 18% (n = 102), and in gastric ulcer patients it was 4% (n = 47). Altogether 14 patients with recurrent ulcer were subsequently reoperated on by vagotomy showing no further recurrence. Antrectomy combined with vagotomy was primarily performed almost exclusively in patients with juxtapyloric ulceration, in whom the recurrence rate was 2% (n = 106). According to a postoperative insulin test, the patients with recurrence after antrectomy and vagotomy were incompletely vagotomized. In patients who remained free of symptoms or signs of recurrent disease, the median reduction in gastric acid secretory capacity was about 60% after antrectomy alone and 80% after antrectomy and vagotomy. In juxtapyloric ulcer patients with recurrence after antrectomy alone there was a small median reduction in PAO one month after operation (26%) and then an increase close to the preoperative level (6% reduction). In patients with a postoperative reduction in PAO of less than 35%, there was a high probability of recurrent ulcer, about 70%. In spite of selection of patients with a comparatively low preoperative PAO (less than 40 mmol/h) for antrectomy alone, the recurrence rate was 18% in patients with juxtapyloric ulcer location. In this selected group of patients the preoperative PAO was not higher in patients with ulcer recurrence than in patients who were asymptomatic after the operation. Selecting patients with juxtapyloric ulcer for antrectomy, with or without vagotomy, on the basis of gastric acid secretory capacity therefore seems unjustified. When vagotomy was added to antrectomy and gastroduodenostomy it seemed to increase the risk of developing serious (Visick 3u and 4) postgastrectomy syndromes; 12% after antrectomy and vagotomy versus 3% after antrectomy alone. Vagotomy appeared to be associated with an increased risk of bile reflux gastritis, gastric mycosis, and milk intolerance. Dumping and diarrhoea after vagotomy often coincided with milk intolerance. Antrectomy, with or without vagotomy, did not markedly impair recorded nutritional parameters.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0301-1860 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/6579806/Antrectomy_and_gastroduodenostomy_with_or_without_vagotomy_in_peptic_ulcer_disease__A_prospective_study_with_a_5_year_follow_up_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -