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Effects of alcohol on the storage and retrieval processes of heavy social drinkers.
J Exp Psychol Hum Learn. 1978 May; 4(3):246-55.JE

Abstract

Two experiments investigated the effects of intoxication, expectation of intoxication, and state dependency on learning and relearning in male heavy social drinkers. In both studies, subjects participated in two daily sessions. On Day 1, intoxicated and sober subjects were presented with word lists for immediate free recall, followed by total free recall of all words. On Day 2, with or without a change in drug state, subjects were given a second total recall test, the same lists for immediate recall, and a third total recall test. In Experiment 1, 10 subjects served in each of four groups formed by crossing expectation with reception of alcohol on Day 1; all subjects were sober on Day 2. In Experiment 2, 12 subjects served in each of four groups formed by crossing drug state on Day 1 with drug state on Day 2 (sober-sober, sober-intoxicated, intoxicated-intoxicated, intoxicated-sober), and all expected alcohol. In both studies, intoxication produced a performance deficit, but retention loss on Day 2 was the same for change- and constant-state subjects. Expectation had no effect on performance. Results are discussed in terms of an alcohol-induced storage deficiency rather than a retrieval deficit.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

660094

Citation

Miller, M E., et al. "Effects of Alcohol On the Storage and Retrieval Processes of Heavy Social Drinkers." Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Learning and Memory, vol. 4, no. 3, 1978, pp. 246-55.
Miller ME, Adesso VJ, Fleming JP, et al. Effects of alcohol on the storage and retrieval processes of heavy social drinkers. J Exp Psychol Hum Learn. 1978;4(3):246-55.
Miller, M. E., Adesso, V. J., Fleming, J. P., Gino, A., & Lauerman, R. (1978). Effects of alcohol on the storage and retrieval processes of heavy social drinkers. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Learning and Memory, 4(3), 246-55.
Miller ME, et al. Effects of Alcohol On the Storage and Retrieval Processes of Heavy Social Drinkers. J Exp Psychol Hum Learn. 1978;4(3):246-55. PubMed PMID: 660094.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of alcohol on the storage and retrieval processes of heavy social drinkers. AU - Miller,M E, AU - Adesso,V J, AU - Fleming,J P, AU - Gino,A, AU - Lauerman,R, PY - 1978/5/1/pubmed PY - 1978/5/1/medline PY - 1978/5/1/entrez SP - 246 EP - 55 JF - Journal of experimental psychology. Human learning and memory JO - J Exp Psychol Hum Learn VL - 4 IS - 3 N2 - Two experiments investigated the effects of intoxication, expectation of intoxication, and state dependency on learning and relearning in male heavy social drinkers. In both studies, subjects participated in two daily sessions. On Day 1, intoxicated and sober subjects were presented with word lists for immediate free recall, followed by total free recall of all words. On Day 2, with or without a change in drug state, subjects were given a second total recall test, the same lists for immediate recall, and a third total recall test. In Experiment 1, 10 subjects served in each of four groups formed by crossing expectation with reception of alcohol on Day 1; all subjects were sober on Day 2. In Experiment 2, 12 subjects served in each of four groups formed by crossing drug state on Day 1 with drug state on Day 2 (sober-sober, sober-intoxicated, intoxicated-intoxicated, intoxicated-sober), and all expected alcohol. In both studies, intoxication produced a performance deficit, but retention loss on Day 2 was the same for change- and constant-state subjects. Expectation had no effect on performance. Results are discussed in terms of an alcohol-induced storage deficiency rather than a retrieval deficit. SN - 0096-1515 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/660094/Effects_of_alcohol_on_the_storage_and_retrieval_processes_of_heavy_social_drinkers_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=660094.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -