Management of stenosis of distal splenorenal shunt by balloon dilation.Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1983 Jul; 157(1):43-8.SG
Stenosis of a distal splenorenal shunt may lead to inadequate variceal decompression with the risk of rebleeding. We report this complication in three patients at five, 16 and 17 months after DSRS, with successful management by balloon dilation. One patient had rebled from varices and the other two showed roentgenologic evidence of inadequate variceal decompression. All of the shunts were patent but showed a mean pressure gradient of 15 millimeters of mercury which was reduced to a mean of 7 millimeters of mercury by dilation. Angiography at 15 months showed no restenosis and sustained reduction of the pressure gradient in one patient. The other two patients await long term follow-up observation. Rebleeding or reappearance of varices are indications for repeat angiography after DSRS to determine the cause. The risk of dilating a venous anastomosis must be weighed against the risk of rebleeding; the results of this report demonstrate that this can be done with a satisfactory outcome.