Androgen receptor binding characteristics in the cytosol of the rat dorsolateral prostate gland and the Dunning R-3327 prostatic adenocarcinoma.Prostate. 1984; 5(1):101-11.P
The incidence of prostatic cancer is highly correlated with advanced age, and it has been suggested that changes in androgen binding may be important in age-associated alterations in growth regulatory mechanisms of prostatic epithelial cells. In this study the effects of age on androgen binding characteristics in the dorsolateral prostate glands of young and aged Copenhagen rats were determined and the binding properties in the Dunning R3327/130 subline of rat prostatic adenocarcinoma were characterized. Tritium-labeled and nonlabeled methyltrienolone analogs (R1881) were used to study the binding properties of 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone receptor in the cytosol of tumors and prostate glands. Binding of R1881 was low but specific for the androgen receptor as shown by competition studies in which nonlabeled R1881, 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone, and testosterone competed successfully with 3H-R1881 for binding sites, but 17 beta-estradiol and low levels of progesterone did not. In Copenhagen dorsolateral prostate, Scatchard analysis suggested a single class of binding sites. In young animals (three to five months) the average binding capacity was 10.36 fmol/mg cytosol protein with a dissociation constant (Kd) of 2.28 nmol/L. The dorsolateral prostate of aged rats (11-16 months) showed no significant difference in specific binding characteristics as compared to the younger age group. Specific binding of 3H-R1881 in R3327/130 tumor was saturable with a single class of high-affinity binding sites having an average binding capacity of 64.77 fmol/mg cytosol protein and a Kd of 2.76 nmol/L. These data show that the tumor had approximately 6.5 times the number of binding sites as did the normal Copenhagen rat dorsolateral prostate gland. However, no age-related changes were detected through 11-16 months of age in the androgen binding characteristics of normal rat dorsolateral prostate gland that could be correlated with the higher concentration of androgen binding sites in the R3327/130 tumor subline.