Arrhythmias and Stokes-Adams attacks in acute rheumatic fever.Pediatrics 1978; 61(4):599-603Ped
In spite of general complacency about first-degree heart block in acute rheumatic fever, abnormal conduction with dysrhythmias, occasional complete heart block, and, rarely, Stokes-Adams attacks are important early signs of acute rheumatic fever and may precede other signs. Every person with episodic fainting is entitled to an ECG, and frequent ECGs are imperative in any case of rheumatic fever with signs of arrhythmias. Changing atrioventricular block necessitates continuous monitoring for dysrhythmias. A 13-year-old boy who appeared with Stokes-Adams attacks secondary to acute rheumatic fever was successfully treated by temporary pacing.