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Lead, erythrocyte protoporphyrin, and ferritin levels in cord blood.
Arch Environ Health. 1983 Sep-Oct; 38(5):296-300.AE

Abstract

A pilot study was initiated to examine cord blood from approximately 300 newborns of various ethnic groups from two New York City hospitals for lead (Pb), erythrocyte protoporphyrin (EP), ferritin (FRT), and hemoglobin (Hb) levels during 1979 and 1980. Results showed an overall mean Pb level of 8 +/- 4 micrograms/dl, EP level of 61 +/- 26 micrograms/dl [geometric mean (GM) = 66.36], FRT level of 165 +/- 107 ng/ml (GM = 135.99), and a distribution frequency of Hb with nearly 69% between 13.5 and 16.9 g % (mean +/- standard deviation = 15 +/- 1), 20% below 13.4 g % (12 +/- 2 g %), and 11% at or above 17.0 g % (18 +/- 1 g %). Both EP and FRT showed a bimodal distribution. There was a negative correlation between blood EP and plasma FRT levels that was significant at the .03% level. The study also showed that a significant drop in mean cord blood Pb levels occurred compared with earlier studies. Follow up of newborns with mildly elevated Pb and EP levels should be made and screening of mothers for Pb levels during early pregnancy should constitute a part of prenatal care, particularly for those from urban areas with previously demonstrated environmental Pb hazard.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

6651354

Citation

Kaul, B, et al. "Lead, Erythrocyte Protoporphyrin, and Ferritin Levels in Cord Blood." Archives of Environmental Health, vol. 38, no. 5, 1983, pp. 296-300.
Kaul B, Davidow B, Eng YM, et al. Lead, erythrocyte protoporphyrin, and ferritin levels in cord blood. Arch Environ Health. 1983;38(5):296-300.
Kaul, B., Davidow, B., Eng, Y. M., & Gewirtz, M. H. (1983). Lead, erythrocyte protoporphyrin, and ferritin levels in cord blood. Archives of Environmental Health, 38(5), 296-300.
Kaul B, et al. Lead, Erythrocyte Protoporphyrin, and Ferritin Levels in Cord Blood. Arch Environ Health. 1983 Sep-Oct;38(5):296-300. PubMed PMID: 6651354.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lead, erythrocyte protoporphyrin, and ferritin levels in cord blood. AU - Kaul,B, AU - Davidow,B, AU - Eng,Y M, AU - Gewirtz,M H, PY - 1983/9/1/pubmed PY - 1983/9/1/medline PY - 1983/9/1/entrez SP - 296 EP - 300 JF - Archives of environmental health JO - Arch Environ Health VL - 38 IS - 5 N2 - A pilot study was initiated to examine cord blood from approximately 300 newborns of various ethnic groups from two New York City hospitals for lead (Pb), erythrocyte protoporphyrin (EP), ferritin (FRT), and hemoglobin (Hb) levels during 1979 and 1980. Results showed an overall mean Pb level of 8 +/- 4 micrograms/dl, EP level of 61 +/- 26 micrograms/dl [geometric mean (GM) = 66.36], FRT level of 165 +/- 107 ng/ml (GM = 135.99), and a distribution frequency of Hb with nearly 69% between 13.5 and 16.9 g % (mean +/- standard deviation = 15 +/- 1), 20% below 13.4 g % (12 +/- 2 g %), and 11% at or above 17.0 g % (18 +/- 1 g %). Both EP and FRT showed a bimodal distribution. There was a negative correlation between blood EP and plasma FRT levels that was significant at the .03% level. The study also showed that a significant drop in mean cord blood Pb levels occurred compared with earlier studies. Follow up of newborns with mildly elevated Pb and EP levels should be made and screening of mothers for Pb levels during early pregnancy should constitute a part of prenatal care, particularly for those from urban areas with previously demonstrated environmental Pb hazard. SN - 0003-9896 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/6651354/Lead_erythrocyte_protoporphyrin_and_ferritin_levels_in_cord_blood_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -