[Treatment of fecal incontinence in adults. Results as a function of clinical and manometric data and the importance of rehabilitation by biofeedback].Gastroenterol Clin Biol 1983; 7(11):857-63GC
Twenty-five females and 8 males, 20 to 83 year old, with fecal incontinence, normal rectal capacity and without evidence of active anorectal disease were studied in order to evaluate: a) the incidence of associated constipation; b) the anorectal motility pattern; c) the efficiency of treatment based on clinical data and anorectal motility disorders. Fifteen patients had constipation associated with fecal incontinence and 23 patients presented with at least one anorectal motility abnormality indicating biofeedback therapy. Compliance to therapy was poor since 9 patients did not accept the treatment; among the 24 subjects who accepted the treatment, 18 became continent and 5 were improved. These results were observed after treatment of constipation alone (6 cases) or associated with biofeedback therapy (5 cases), after biofeedback therapy (7 cases), and after surgery alone (3 cases) or followed by biofeedback therapy (2 cases). These results show that: a) constipation is frequently associated with incontinence in the adult; b) treatment of constipation, biofeedback therapy and surgery, used alone or combined according to clinical and anorectal motility data lead to good results in 75 p. 100 of patients.