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Water requirements of breast-fed infants in a hot climate.
Am J Clin Nutr. 1978 Jul; 31(7):1154-7.AJ

Abstract

To estimate the water requirements of exclusively breast-fed infants in a hot climate, theoretical calculations of water requirements were made and a field study was carried out in Jamaica. Three urine samples were collected from each of 16 infants. The specific gravity of individual urine samples ranged from 1.005 through 1.015, with a mean of 1.009 (SD +/- 0.002). Corresponding values for osmolality were calculated to be 103 through 468 mOsmole/liter with a mean of 258 mOsmole/liter. The mean specific gravity for an infant ranged from 1.006 through 1.012, or 139 through 358 mOsmole/liter. The mean outdoor temperature was 27.6 C and the humidity 76%. Because the values for specific gravity were universally low it was concluded that healthy, exclusively breast-fed infants living in a hot humid climate will manage well without additional water. Additional water may be desirable during illness.

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

665566

Citation

Almroth, S G.. "Water Requirements of Breast-fed Infants in a Hot Climate." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 31, no. 7, 1978, pp. 1154-7.
Almroth SG. Water requirements of breast-fed infants in a hot climate. Am J Clin Nutr. 1978;31(7):1154-7.
Almroth, S. G. (1978). Water requirements of breast-fed infants in a hot climate. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 31(7), 1154-7.
Almroth SG. Water Requirements of Breast-fed Infants in a Hot Climate. Am J Clin Nutr. 1978;31(7):1154-7. PubMed PMID: 665566.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Water requirements of breast-fed infants in a hot climate. A1 - Almroth,S G, PY - 1978/7/1/pubmed PY - 1978/7/1/medline PY - 1978/7/1/entrez KW - Americas KW - Breast Feeding KW - Caribbean KW - Clinical Research KW - Developing Countries KW - Diarrhea, Infantile KW - Ecology KW - Environment KW - Health KW - Infant Nutrition KW - Jamaica KW - Natural Resources KW - North America KW - Nutrition KW - Research Methodology KW - Water Supply SP - 1154 EP - 7 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am J Clin Nutr VL - 31 IS - 7 N2 - To estimate the water requirements of exclusively breast-fed infants in a hot climate, theoretical calculations of water requirements were made and a field study was carried out in Jamaica. Three urine samples were collected from each of 16 infants. The specific gravity of individual urine samples ranged from 1.005 through 1.015, with a mean of 1.009 (SD +/- 0.002). Corresponding values for osmolality were calculated to be 103 through 468 mOsmole/liter with a mean of 258 mOsmole/liter. The mean specific gravity for an infant ranged from 1.006 through 1.012, or 139 through 358 mOsmole/liter. The mean outdoor temperature was 27.6 C and the humidity 76%. Because the values for specific gravity were universally low it was concluded that healthy, exclusively breast-fed infants living in a hot humid climate will manage well without additional water. Additional water may be desirable during illness. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/665566/Water_requirements_of_breast_fed_infants_in_a_hot_climate_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/31.7.1154 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -