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Does coal mine dust present a risk for lung cancer? A case-control study of U.S. coal miners.

Abstract

This paper evaluates the relationship between the risk of lung cancer mortality and coal mine dust exposure under control by cigarette smoking status. Two case-control studies based on 317 white male lung cancer mortality cases are presented. A one-to-one matched-case design allows examination of the risk of coal mine dust exposure and cigarette smoking. A two-to-one matched-case design was employed to examine the lung cancer risk of coal mine dust exposure independent of cigarette smoking. Based upon these data, no evidence of a coal mine dust exposure-lung cancer risk was found, although the expected increased risk for lung cancer in cigarette smokers was observed. There was no evidence of an interactive effect between cigarette smoking and coal mine dust exposure.

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Authors

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Source

MeSH

Coal Mining
Dust
Epidemiologic Methods
Humans
Lung Neoplasms
Male
Occupational Diseases
Risk
Smoking
Time Factors
United States

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

6667033

Citation

Ames, R G., et al. "Does Coal Mine Dust Present a Risk for Lung Cancer? a Case-control Study of U.S. Coal Miners." Archives of Environmental Health, vol. 38, no. 6, 1983, pp. 331-3.
Ames RG, Amandus H, Attfield M, et al. Does coal mine dust present a risk for lung cancer? A case-control study of U.S. coal miners. Arch Environ Health. 1983;38(6):331-3.
Ames, R. G., Amandus, H., Attfield, M., Green, F. Y., & Vallyathan, V. (1983). Does coal mine dust present a risk for lung cancer? A case-control study of U.S. coal miners. Archives of Environmental Health, 38(6), pp. 331-3.
Ames RG, et al. Does Coal Mine Dust Present a Risk for Lung Cancer? a Case-control Study of U.S. Coal Miners. Arch Environ Health. 1983;38(6):331-3. PubMed PMID: 6667033.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Does coal mine dust present a risk for lung cancer? A case-control study of U.S. coal miners. AU - Ames,R G, AU - Amandus,H, AU - Attfield,M, AU - Green,F Y, AU - Vallyathan,V, PY - 1983/11/1/pubmed PY - 1983/11/1/medline PY - 1983/11/1/entrez SP - 331 EP - 3 JF - Archives of environmental health JO - Arch. Environ. Health VL - 38 IS - 6 N2 - This paper evaluates the relationship between the risk of lung cancer mortality and coal mine dust exposure under control by cigarette smoking status. Two case-control studies based on 317 white male lung cancer mortality cases are presented. A one-to-one matched-case design allows examination of the risk of coal mine dust exposure and cigarette smoking. A two-to-one matched-case design was employed to examine the lung cancer risk of coal mine dust exposure independent of cigarette smoking. Based upon these data, no evidence of a coal mine dust exposure-lung cancer risk was found, although the expected increased risk for lung cancer in cigarette smokers was observed. There was no evidence of an interactive effect between cigarette smoking and coal mine dust exposure. SN - 0003-9896 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/6667033/Does_coal_mine_dust_present_a_risk_for_lung_cancer_A_case_control_study_of_U_S__coal_miners_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/4334 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -