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Lung cancer, stomach cancer, and smoking status among coal miners. A preliminary test of a hypothesis.
Scand J Work Environ Health 1983; 9(5):443-8SJ

Abstract

This paper presents an empirical test of the hypothesis of Meyer et al, who propose inhaled carcinogens to be a risk for both stomach and lung cancer, stomach cancer occurring in persons with nonimpaired lungs and lung cancer occurring in persons with impaired lungs. Based upon a case-referent study comparing 46 white male coal miners who died from stomach cancer in the United States with age-matched miners who died from lung cancer and with reference miners who died from other cancers or from noncancer, nonaccident causes, the present study failed to confirm the Meyer hypothesis. The data suggest a reverse relationship than that postulated, namely, that airway obstruction may be a precondition for stomach cancer and normal pulmonary function a precondition for lung cancer. Different dust agents were found to be involved with cancers at the different sites. For coal miners with airway obstruction, greater years of coal mine dust exposure were found to pose a slightly elevated stomach cancer risk (odds ratio 3.64, not significant), while, for miners with normal ventilatory function, cigarette smoking posed a disproportionately elevated lung cancer risk (odds ratio 7.00, not significant).

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

6673101

Citation

Ames, R G., and J F. Gamble. "Lung Cancer, Stomach Cancer, and Smoking Status Among Coal Miners. a Preliminary Test of a Hypothesis." Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, vol. 9, no. 5, 1983, pp. 443-8.
Ames RG, Gamble JF. Lung cancer, stomach cancer, and smoking status among coal miners. A preliminary test of a hypothesis. Scand J Work Environ Health. 1983;9(5):443-8.
Ames, R. G., & Gamble, J. F. (1983). Lung cancer, stomach cancer, and smoking status among coal miners. A preliminary test of a hypothesis. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 9(5), pp. 443-8.
Ames RG, Gamble JF. Lung Cancer, Stomach Cancer, and Smoking Status Among Coal Miners. a Preliminary Test of a Hypothesis. Scand J Work Environ Health. 1983;9(5):443-8. PubMed PMID: 6673101.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lung cancer, stomach cancer, and smoking status among coal miners. A preliminary test of a hypothesis. AU - Ames,R G, AU - Gamble,J F, PY - 1983/10/1/pubmed PY - 1983/10/1/medline PY - 1983/10/1/entrez SP - 443 EP - 8 JF - Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health JO - Scand J Work Environ Health VL - 9 IS - 5 N2 - This paper presents an empirical test of the hypothesis of Meyer et al, who propose inhaled carcinogens to be a risk for both stomach and lung cancer, stomach cancer occurring in persons with nonimpaired lungs and lung cancer occurring in persons with impaired lungs. Based upon a case-referent study comparing 46 white male coal miners who died from stomach cancer in the United States with age-matched miners who died from lung cancer and with reference miners who died from other cancers or from noncancer, nonaccident causes, the present study failed to confirm the Meyer hypothesis. The data suggest a reverse relationship than that postulated, namely, that airway obstruction may be a precondition for stomach cancer and normal pulmonary function a precondition for lung cancer. Different dust agents were found to be involved with cancers at the different sites. For coal miners with airway obstruction, greater years of coal mine dust exposure were found to pose a slightly elevated stomach cancer risk (odds ratio 3.64, not significant), while, for miners with normal ventilatory function, cigarette smoking posed a disproportionately elevated lung cancer risk (odds ratio 7.00, not significant). SN - 0355-3140 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/6673101/Lung_cancer_stomach_cancer_and_smoking_status_among_coal_miners__A_preliminary_test_of_a_hypothesis_ L2 - http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=2391 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -