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Serotonin precursors in the treatment of depression.
Adv Biochem Psychopharmacol 1982; 34:259-86AB

Abstract

5-HT precursors are used in depressions on the basis of the 5-HT hypothesis - an hypothesis which postulates that a cerebral 5-HT deficiency can play a role in the pathogenesis of depressions. This article presents a survey of the results obtained by this therapeutic strategy. There are strong indications that 5-HTP is of therapeutic value, particularly in the 5-HT-deficient subgroup of vital depressions. In the same subgroup, one controlled study has so far also shown a prophylatic 5-HTP effect. The effect of clomipramine is potentiated by 1-5-HTP, and this combination can give good results in therapy-resistant vital depressions. Other tricyclic compounds have not been studied in this context, nor have selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitors. The results of tryptophan studies are less unequivocal, possibly due to pharmacokinetic factors. Another possible explanation might be that, unlike 5-HTP research, tryptophan studies have so far disregarded the patient's serotonergic status. 5-HT research in depressions has also yielded the concept of the biochemical classifiability of depressions. This may become an important supplement to the conventional criteria of classification of depressions: symptomatology, etiology, and course.

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

6753514

Citation

van Praag, H M.. "Serotonin Precursors in the Treatment of Depression." Advances in Biochemical Psychopharmacology, vol. 34, 1982, pp. 259-86.
van Praag HM. Serotonin precursors in the treatment of depression. Adv Biochem Psychopharmacol. 1982;34:259-86.
van Praag, H. M. (1982). Serotonin precursors in the treatment of depression. Advances in Biochemical Psychopharmacology, 34, pp. 259-86.
van Praag HM. Serotonin Precursors in the Treatment of Depression. Adv Biochem Psychopharmacol. 1982;34:259-86. PubMed PMID: 6753514.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Serotonin precursors in the treatment of depression. A1 - van Praag,H M, PY - 1982/1/1/pubmed PY - 1982/1/1/medline PY - 1982/1/1/entrez SP - 259 EP - 86 JF - Advances in biochemical psychopharmacology JO - Adv. Biochem. Psychopharmacol. VL - 34 N2 - 5-HT precursors are used in depressions on the basis of the 5-HT hypothesis - an hypothesis which postulates that a cerebral 5-HT deficiency can play a role in the pathogenesis of depressions. This article presents a survey of the results obtained by this therapeutic strategy. There are strong indications that 5-HTP is of therapeutic value, particularly in the 5-HT-deficient subgroup of vital depressions. In the same subgroup, one controlled study has so far also shown a prophylatic 5-HTP effect. The effect of clomipramine is potentiated by 1-5-HTP, and this combination can give good results in therapy-resistant vital depressions. Other tricyclic compounds have not been studied in this context, nor have selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitors. The results of tryptophan studies are less unequivocal, possibly due to pharmacokinetic factors. Another possible explanation might be that, unlike 5-HTP research, tryptophan studies have so far disregarded the patient's serotonergic status. 5-HT research in depressions has also yielded the concept of the biochemical classifiability of depressions. This may become an important supplement to the conventional criteria of classification of depressions: symptomatology, etiology, and course. SN - 0065-2229 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/6753514/Serotonin_precursors_in_the_treatment_of_depression_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/2199 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -