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Effect of Iopanoic acid on the pituitary-thyroid axis: time sequence of changes in serum iodothyronines, thyrotropin, and prolactin concentrations and responses to thyroid hormones.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1981 Oct; 53(4):779-83.JC

Abstract

We have previously shown that some oral cholecystographic agents induce marked increase in basal and TRH-stimulated TSH concentrations in normal subjects. To define the relationship between circulating iodothyronines and pituitary secretion after oral cholecystography, temporal changes in the responses of serum TSH and PRL to a fixed dose of TRH (500 micrograms iv) and in serum T4, T3, and rT3 concentrations were assessed before, immediately after, and then at weekly intervals after the three daily doses of iopanoic acid (Ip). Both basal and TRH-stimulated TSH concentrations were significantly increased at the end of the period of Ip administration when the serum T3 concentration was decreased, were still above the pretreatment level 1 week after the course of Ip when the serum T3 had returned to pre-Ip levels, and returned toward normal 2 weeks after the course of Ip. The changes in serum T3 concentration were accompanied by reciprocal changes in rT3 concentration. PRL secretion was not significantly changed. To evaluate further the relationship between the enhanced TSH secretion and the changes in serum iodothyronine concentrations, subjects were given oral doses of T3 (5 micrograms every 4 h) or T4 (50 micrograms every 8 h) during the administration of Ip. In the subjects given Ip plus T3, serum T3 concentrations were maintained at pre-Ip levels, and both basal and TRH-stimulated TSH concentrations were not different from the control. Administration of T4 did not completely prevent the Ip-induced increment of TSH secretion. It is suggested that in subjects given Ip, 1) the serum T3 level is, at least partly, a determining factor for TSH secretion; and 2) the set-point of TSH secretion is appropriately tuned to either reduction or elevation of serum T3 concentration by a mechanism that is different from that in fasting subjects.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

6793610

Citation

Suzuki, H, et al. "Effect of Iopanoic Acid On the Pituitary-thyroid Axis: Time Sequence of Changes in Serum Iodothyronines, Thyrotropin, and Prolactin Concentrations and Responses to Thyroid Hormones." The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 53, no. 4, 1981, pp. 779-83.
Suzuki H, Noguchi K, Nakahata M, et al. Effect of Iopanoic acid on the pituitary-thyroid axis: time sequence of changes in serum iodothyronines, thyrotropin, and prolactin concentrations and responses to thyroid hormones. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1981;53(4):779-83.
Suzuki, H., Noguchi, K., Nakahata, M., Nakagawa, S., & Kadena, N. (1981). Effect of Iopanoic acid on the pituitary-thyroid axis: time sequence of changes in serum iodothyronines, thyrotropin, and prolactin concentrations and responses to thyroid hormones. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 53(4), 779-83.
Suzuki H, et al. Effect of Iopanoic Acid On the Pituitary-thyroid Axis: Time Sequence of Changes in Serum Iodothyronines, Thyrotropin, and Prolactin Concentrations and Responses to Thyroid Hormones. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1981;53(4):779-83. PubMed PMID: 6793610.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Iopanoic acid on the pituitary-thyroid axis: time sequence of changes in serum iodothyronines, thyrotropin, and prolactin concentrations and responses to thyroid hormones. AU - Suzuki,H, AU - Noguchi,K, AU - Nakahata,M, AU - Nakagawa,S, AU - Kadena,N, PY - 1981/10/1/pubmed PY - 1981/10/1/medline PY - 1981/10/1/entrez SP - 779 EP - 83 JF - The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism JO - J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. VL - 53 IS - 4 N2 - We have previously shown that some oral cholecystographic agents induce marked increase in basal and TRH-stimulated TSH concentrations in normal subjects. To define the relationship between circulating iodothyronines and pituitary secretion after oral cholecystography, temporal changes in the responses of serum TSH and PRL to a fixed dose of TRH (500 micrograms iv) and in serum T4, T3, and rT3 concentrations were assessed before, immediately after, and then at weekly intervals after the three daily doses of iopanoic acid (Ip). Both basal and TRH-stimulated TSH concentrations were significantly increased at the end of the period of Ip administration when the serum T3 concentration was decreased, were still above the pretreatment level 1 week after the course of Ip when the serum T3 had returned to pre-Ip levels, and returned toward normal 2 weeks after the course of Ip. The changes in serum T3 concentration were accompanied by reciprocal changes in rT3 concentration. PRL secretion was not significantly changed. To evaluate further the relationship between the enhanced TSH secretion and the changes in serum iodothyronine concentrations, subjects were given oral doses of T3 (5 micrograms every 4 h) or T4 (50 micrograms every 8 h) during the administration of Ip. In the subjects given Ip plus T3, serum T3 concentrations were maintained at pre-Ip levels, and both basal and TRH-stimulated TSH concentrations were not different from the control. Administration of T4 did not completely prevent the Ip-induced increment of TSH secretion. It is suggested that in subjects given Ip, 1) the serum T3 level is, at least partly, a determining factor for TSH secretion; and 2) the set-point of TSH secretion is appropriately tuned to either reduction or elevation of serum T3 concentration by a mechanism that is different from that in fasting subjects. SN - 0021-972X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/6793610/Effect_of_Iopanoic_acid_on_the_pituitary_thyroid_axis:_time_sequence_of_changes_in_serum_iodothyronines_thyrotropin_and_prolactin_concentrations_and_responses_to_thyroid_hormones_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jcem/article-lookup/doi/10.1210/jcem-53-4-779 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -