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Ocular hazards of light sources: review of current knowledge.

Abstract

Retinal damage is the most important hazard from light. There are three types of retinal damage classified as structural, thermal and photochemical; damage type depends on wavelength, power level and exposure time. Photochemical damage from blue light produces solar retinitis and is postulated to accelerate aging which leads to senile macular degeneration. The lens protects the retina from blue light and near ultraviolet (UV) but at the expense of cataractogenesis. Lens removal exposes retina to near UV that is six times more dangerous than blue light. Filters are recommended to protect lens and retina from blue light and near UV.

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    Source

    MeSH

    Eye
    Humans
    Lens, Crystalline
    Retina
    Ultraviolet Rays

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    6834158

    Citation

    Ham, W T.. "Ocular Hazards of Light Sources: Review of Current Knowledge." Journal of Occupational Medicine. : Official Publication of the Industrial Medical Association, vol. 25, no. 2, 1983, pp. 101-3.
    Ham WT. Ocular hazards of light sources: review of current knowledge. J Occup Med. 1983;25(2):101-3.
    Ham, W. T. (1983). Ocular hazards of light sources: review of current knowledge. Journal of Occupational Medicine. : Official Publication of the Industrial Medical Association, 25(2), pp. 101-3.
    Ham WT. Ocular Hazards of Light Sources: Review of Current Knowledge. J Occup Med. 1983;25(2):101-3. PubMed PMID: 6834158.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Ocular hazards of light sources: review of current knowledge. A1 - Ham,W T,Jr PY - 1983/2/1/pubmed PY - 2001/3/28/medline PY - 1983/2/1/entrez SP - 101 EP - 3 JF - Journal of occupational medicine. : official publication of the Industrial Medical Association JO - J Occup Med VL - 25 IS - 2 N2 - Retinal damage is the most important hazard from light. There are three types of retinal damage classified as structural, thermal and photochemical; damage type depends on wavelength, power level and exposure time. Photochemical damage from blue light produces solar retinitis and is postulated to accelerate aging which leads to senile macular degeneration. The lens protects the retina from blue light and near ultraviolet (UV) but at the expense of cataractogenesis. Lens removal exposes retina to near UV that is six times more dangerous than blue light. Filters are recommended to protect lens and retina from blue light and near UV. SN - 0096-1736 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/6834158/Ocular_hazards_of_light_sources:_review_of_current_knowledge_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=6834158.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -