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Selenium status of vegeterians, nonvegetarians, and hormone-dependent cancer subjects.
Am J Clin Nutr. 1983 Jan; 37(1):114-8.AJ

Abstract

Human blood selenium (Se) levels have been related to the types of food consumed, bioavailability of Se, and various disease states, including cancer. Some of these interrelationships were investigated in this study in Corvallis, OR (a low soil-Se region) using adult vegetarian and omnivorous subjects, some of whom had hormone-dependent cancer. The study groups were comprised of 48 Seventh-day Adventist vegetarians, 16 Seventh-day Adventist nonvegetarians, 52 non-Seventh-day Adventist nonvegetarians, and 16 nonvegetarian hormone-dependent cancer subjects. Fasting blood samples and 3-days dietary intake information were obtained from each subject. Whole blood Se levels, measured fluorimetrically, correlated positively with dietary protein, riboflavin, niacin, and oleic and linoleic acids but not with 11 other nutrients. Due to limited literature values, dietary Se could not be assessed. There was no significant difference in blood Se values between the four groups (which ranged from 0.069 microgram Se/ml for Seventh-day Adventist nonvegetariants to 0.112 +/- 0.050 microgram Se/ml for non-Seventh-day Adventists nonvegetarians and nonvegetarian hormone-dependent cancer patients). All values were well below averages reported for other regions of the United States. These data suggest a relationship between blood Se and the consumption of meat, milk, and cereal products, but it is not simply a difference between the vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

6849273

Citation

Shultz, T D., and J E. Leklem. "Selenium Status of Vegeterians, Nonvegetarians, and Hormone-dependent Cancer Subjects." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 37, no. 1, 1983, pp. 114-8.
Shultz TD, Leklem JE. Selenium status of vegeterians, nonvegetarians, and hormone-dependent cancer subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 1983;37(1):114-8.
Shultz, T. D., & Leklem, J. E. (1983). Selenium status of vegeterians, nonvegetarians, and hormone-dependent cancer subjects. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 37(1), 114-8.
Shultz TD, Leklem JE. Selenium Status of Vegeterians, Nonvegetarians, and Hormone-dependent Cancer Subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 1983;37(1):114-8. PubMed PMID: 6849273.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Selenium status of vegeterians, nonvegetarians, and hormone-dependent cancer subjects. AU - Shultz,T D, AU - Leklem,J E, PY - 1983/1/1/pubmed PY - 1983/1/1/medline PY - 1983/1/1/entrez SP - 114 EP - 8 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 37 IS - 1 N2 - Human blood selenium (Se) levels have been related to the types of food consumed, bioavailability of Se, and various disease states, including cancer. Some of these interrelationships were investigated in this study in Corvallis, OR (a low soil-Se region) using adult vegetarian and omnivorous subjects, some of whom had hormone-dependent cancer. The study groups were comprised of 48 Seventh-day Adventist vegetarians, 16 Seventh-day Adventist nonvegetarians, 52 non-Seventh-day Adventist nonvegetarians, and 16 nonvegetarian hormone-dependent cancer subjects. Fasting blood samples and 3-days dietary intake information were obtained from each subject. Whole blood Se levels, measured fluorimetrically, correlated positively with dietary protein, riboflavin, niacin, and oleic and linoleic acids but not with 11 other nutrients. Due to limited literature values, dietary Se could not be assessed. There was no significant difference in blood Se values between the four groups (which ranged from 0.069 microgram Se/ml for Seventh-day Adventist nonvegetariants to 0.112 +/- 0.050 microgram Se/ml for non-Seventh-day Adventists nonvegetarians and nonvegetarian hormone-dependent cancer patients). All values were well below averages reported for other regions of the United States. These data suggest a relationship between blood Se and the consumption of meat, milk, and cereal products, but it is not simply a difference between the vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/6849273/Selenium_status_of_vegeterians_nonvegetarians_and_hormone_dependent_cancer_subjects_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/37.1.114 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -