Endoscopic findings in the upper respiratory tract of 479 horses.J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1982 Sep 01; 181(5):470-3.JA
A flexible fiberoptic endoscope was used to examine the upper respiratory tract of 479 horses and 41 (8.6%) had abnormalities. Pharyngeal lymphoid hyperplasia (PLH) was found in 141 horses (29.5%). Statistical analysis showed a relationship between the age of the horse and the prevalence of PLH. Sixteen (3.3%), 10 (2.1%), and 6 (1.3%), of the horses had laryngeal hemiplegia, epiglottic entrapment, and dorsal displacement of the soft palate, respectively. There was no association between the age of the horse and the prevalence of any of these abnormalities; nor was there a positive correlation between the prevalence of exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage and PLH or laryngeal hemiplegia.