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Noncontraceptive health benefits of oral steroidal contraceptives.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1982 Mar 15; 142(6 Pt 2):809-16.AJ

Abstract

Prospective and retrospective epidemiologic studies involving oral contraceptives have been reviewed to determine the existence and extent of their benefits other than prevention of pregnancy. There is less menstrual blood loss, which reduces the risk of iron deficiency anemia by about 50%. The incidence of menorrhagia, irregular menses, and intermenstrual bleeding is also significantly reduced in users of oral contraceptives. Studies have shown an approximate 50% reduction in risk of endometrial cancer in oral contraceptive users, as well as a significant reduction in various types of benign breast disease. Because oral contraceptives inhibit ovulation, functional ovarian cysts are nearly eliminated, and the incidence of dysmenorrhea and premenstrual tension is significantly reduced. Oral contraceptives also protect women from developing ovarian carcinoma, rheumatoid arthritis, and salpingitis. From this review we conclude that the benefits of oral contraceptives in young healthy women for far outweight their more widely publicized, infrequent risks.

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7065059

Citation

Mishell, D R.. "Noncontraceptive Health Benefits of Oral Steroidal Contraceptives." American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 142, no. 6 Pt 2, 1982, pp. 809-16.
Mishell DR. Noncontraceptive health benefits of oral steroidal contraceptives. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1982;142(6 Pt 2):809-16.
Mishell, D. R. (1982). Noncontraceptive health benefits of oral steroidal contraceptives. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 142(6 Pt 2), 809-16.
Mishell DR. Noncontraceptive Health Benefits of Oral Steroidal Contraceptives. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1982 Mar 15;142(6 Pt 2):809-16. PubMed PMID: 7065059.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Noncontraceptive health benefits of oral steroidal contraceptives. A1 - Mishell,D R,Jr PY - 1982/3/15/pubmed PY - 2001/3/28/medline PY - 1982/3/15/entrez KW - Adnexitis KW - Biology KW - Cancer KW - Contraception KW - Contraceptive Agents, Female--side effects KW - Contraceptive Agents, Progestin--side effects KW - Contraceptive Agents--side effects KW - Contraceptive Mode Of Action KW - Diseases KW - Endometrial Cancer KW - Endometrial Effects KW - Epidemiologic Methods KW - Family Planning KW - Infections KW - Literature Review KW - Luteinizing Hormone KW - Mammary Gland Effects KW - Menstruation KW - Menstruation Disorders KW - Neoplasms KW - Ovarian Cancer KW - Ovulation Suppression KW - Pelvic Inflammatory Disease KW - Physiology KW - Prospective Studies KW - Reproduction KW - Reproductive Tract Infections KW - Research Methodology KW - Retrospective Studies KW - Studies SP - 809 EP - 16 JF - American journal of obstetrics and gynecology JO - Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. VL - 142 IS - 6 Pt 2 N2 - Prospective and retrospective epidemiologic studies involving oral contraceptives have been reviewed to determine the existence and extent of their benefits other than prevention of pregnancy. There is less menstrual blood loss, which reduces the risk of iron deficiency anemia by about 50%. The incidence of menorrhagia, irregular menses, and intermenstrual bleeding is also significantly reduced in users of oral contraceptives. Studies have shown an approximate 50% reduction in risk of endometrial cancer in oral contraceptive users, as well as a significant reduction in various types of benign breast disease. Because oral contraceptives inhibit ovulation, functional ovarian cysts are nearly eliminated, and the incidence of dysmenorrhea and premenstrual tension is significantly reduced. Oral contraceptives also protect women from developing ovarian carcinoma, rheumatoid arthritis, and salpingitis. From this review we conclude that the benefits of oral contraceptives in young healthy women for far outweight their more widely publicized, infrequent risks. SN - 0002-9378 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7065059/Noncontraceptive_health_benefits_of_oral_steroidal_contraceptives_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-9378(16)32492-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -