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Gastrointestinal illness on passenger cruise ships, 1975-1978.
Am J Public Health. 1982 May; 72(5):484-8.AJ

Abstract

Following investigations in 1972-1973 of outbreaks of enteric disease on cruise ships using American ports, a surveillance system was established which required that 24 hours before arrival in port, each ship report the number of persons with diarrheal illness seen by the ship's physician during the cruise. The reported data were found to be reliable; they established a baseline incidence for diarrhea on cruise ships. A significantly high portion of enteric disease outbreaks occurred on vessels that did not pass routine annual or semiannual sanitation inspections. The cruise ship sanitation program, developed with the cooperation of the cruise ship industry and the Centers for Disease Control, appears to have been successful in reducing the overall rate of cruise ship associated outbreaks of enteric illness.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

7065338

Citation

Dannenberg, A L., et al. "Gastrointestinal Illness On Passenger Cruise Ships, 1975-1978." American Journal of Public Health, vol. 72, no. 5, 1982, pp. 484-8.
Dannenberg AL, Yashuk JC, Feldman RA. Gastrointestinal illness on passenger cruise ships, 1975-1978. Am J Public Health. 1982;72(5):484-8.
Dannenberg, A. L., Yashuk, J. C., & Feldman, R. A. (1982). Gastrointestinal illness on passenger cruise ships, 1975-1978. American Journal of Public Health, 72(5), 484-8.
Dannenberg AL, Yashuk JC, Feldman RA. Gastrointestinal Illness On Passenger Cruise Ships, 1975-1978. Am J Public Health. 1982;72(5):484-8. PubMed PMID: 7065338.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gastrointestinal illness on passenger cruise ships, 1975-1978. AU - Dannenberg,A L, AU - Yashuk,J C, AU - Feldman,R A, PY - 1982/5/1/pubmed PY - 1982/5/1/medline PY - 1982/5/1/entrez SP - 484 EP - 8 JF - American journal of public health JO - Am J Public Health VL - 72 IS - 5 N2 - Following investigations in 1972-1973 of outbreaks of enteric disease on cruise ships using American ports, a surveillance system was established which required that 24 hours before arrival in port, each ship report the number of persons with diarrheal illness seen by the ship's physician during the cruise. The reported data were found to be reliable; they established a baseline incidence for diarrhea on cruise ships. A significantly high portion of enteric disease outbreaks occurred on vessels that did not pass routine annual or semiannual sanitation inspections. The cruise ship sanitation program, developed with the cooperation of the cruise ship industry and the Centers for Disease Control, appears to have been successful in reducing the overall rate of cruise ship associated outbreaks of enteric illness. SN - 0090-0036 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7065338/Gastrointestinal_illness_on_passenger_cruise_ships_1975_1978_ L2 - https://www.ajph.org/doi/10.2105/ajph.72.5.484?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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