[Zollinger-Ellison syndrome--changes in surgical therapy. Analysis of 27 patients].Chirurg. 1982 Apr; 53(4):263-9.C
In 10 out of 27 patients with a Zollinger-Ellison syndrome a gastrin-producing tumor was removed, in 5 localized with phlebography. In the remaining 12 patients the diagnosis of a gastrinoma was based on clinical data only. The 10 patients with surgically proven gastrinoma did not differ in their fasting blood-glucose levels, rise of gastrin serum levels after administration of secretin and calcium, in acid production patterns nor in survival time from those 12 patients in whom no gastric-producing tumor had been found. 5 of the 27 patients died, 4 just after surgery. One patient died from advanced malignant disease. In three of our patients localizing diagnostic procedures and consecutive tumor-removal were feasible with the protection of H2-receptor antagonists. The trend in the treatment of ZES goes away from elective total gastrectomy towards conservative treatment with H2-receptor antagonists in view of the low morbidity and the attempt of curative treatment by tumor-removal.