The role of primary varicose veins in venous ulceration.Surgery. 1982 Sep; 92(3):450-3.S
"Venous" ulceration is usually ascribed to deep venous insufficiency. We record the cases of 20 patients with 23 ulcers without a history suggestive of deep vein disease who were found to have a normal deep venous system when evaluated by Doppler ultrasound, ambulatory venous pressures, and photoplethysmography. All had gross varicose veins present for many years (mean 24 years; range 10 to 35 years), and only 14 limbs had incompetent calf perforating veins. Effective treatment is facilitated by recognition of the relationship of varicose ulcer to superficial venous disease, usually incompetence of the saphenofemoral junction, with or without the presence of incompetent calf perforating veins.